GED Practice Questions: Mathematical Reasoning

By Murray Shukyn, Dale E. Shuttleworth, Achim K. Krull

The GED Mathematical Reasoning test can seem intimidating. Don’t worry. You can do plenty to practice and make sure you are prepared for test day. Try the following sample questions.

Sample Questions

Give the following math questions a try to help you prepare for taking the GED.

Passage A

Questions 1-2 refers to the following information.

Carlos wants to buy a used car. He has been told that a car loses 4.3 cents from its book value for every mile over 100,000 that it has traveled. He sees just the car he wants, but it has 137,046 miles on the odometer. The book value of the car is $13,500.

  1. Estimate the realistic value of the car to the nearest $10.

    • (A) $10,907

    • (B) $13,750

    • (C) $12,020

    • (D) $11,000

  2. The realistic actual value of the car to the nearest dollar is $ __________.

  3. Elena wants to draw a mural on the wall of her house. The wall is 9 feet high and 17 feet long. To plan the mural, she draws a scale drawing of the area for the mural on a piece of paper 11 inches long. How high, in inches, should the drawing be to maintain scale?

    • (A) 6.2

    • (B) 5.8

    • (C) 8.5

    • (D) 9.0

  4. If the slope of a line is 0.75, and y2 = 36, y1 = 24, and x1 = 12, what is the value of x2?

    • (A) 14

    • (B) –28

    • (C) 28

    • (D) –14

      Country Population Literacy Rate (%)
      China 1,315,844,000 90.9
      Cuba 11,269,000 99.8
      Ethiopia 77,431,000 35.9
      Haiti 8,895,000 54.8
      India 1,103,371,000 61.0
      Israel 6,725,000 97.1
      Russia 143,202,000 99.4
      South Africa 47,432,000 82.4
      United States 298,213,000 99.0
  5. Use the chart above to answer this question. If the literacy rates of China, the United States, and Russia were compared, the greatest literacy rate would be how many times larger than the least?

    • (A) 1.0

    • (B) 1.1

    • (C) 1.2

    • (D) 1.3

  6. Use the chart above to answer this question. How many more people (in millions) are literate in India than Israel?

    • (A) 109

    • (B) 666

    • (C) 90

    • (D) 100

  7. The probability of an event taking place, P, is equal to the number of ways a particular event can occur, divided by the total number of ways, M, or P = N/M. To test this theory, a student removes all the picture cards from a deck. What is the probability that a card less than the number 6 will be drawn? (Aces are low in this case.)

    • (A) 1 in 3

    • (B) 1 in 5

    • (C) 1 in 2

    • (D) 1 in 4

Passage B

Questions 1-2 refer to the following information.

Peter’s grades in his final year of high school classes are 81, 76, 92, 87, 79, and 83.

  1. To get a scholarship, Peter’s median grade must be above the median grade for the school, which is 82. By how many points is he above or below that standard?

    • (A) 2

    • (B) 1

    • (C) 0

    • (D) 3

  2. If Peter’s goal is to graduate with a mean grade of 90 percent, by how many total points is he failing to achieve his goal?

    • (A) 42

    • (B) 43

    • (C) 44

    • (D) 45

Answers

Compare your answer to the answers below.

Passage A

  1. C. $12,020.

  2. 11,907.

  3. B. 5.8.

  4. C. 28.

  5. 1.1.

  6. B. 666.

  7. C. 1 in 2.

Passage B

  1. C. 0.

  2. A. 42.