How to Excavate 8 Minecraft Structures
Excavate a desert temple.
You occasionally find a sandstone pyramid while exploring the desert. This useful resource is worth excavating.
This pyramid structure is composed of several different types of sandstone, including hieroglyphics that can be collected and used as building blocks. The pyramid, which is a single room with numerous entrances, has a spiral staircase in each of its towers and a secret tunnel leading to 4 treasure chests.
You have to dig in the correct spot to find the treasure of the temple. Watch out, though: A long fall and a trap await you. The trap in particular is quite dangerous, using TNT and a pressure plate, but you can scavenge good resources from it.
Though a desert temple can be partially caved in with sand, you can generally see it easily in the flat parts of the desert. Be sure to look for one when you’re in the biome.
The moss-covered jungle temple is much more difficult to find than a desert temple.
The jungle temple is composed primarily of mossy cobblestone, crafted from vines and cobblestone. The temple has two floors and a basement: The top floor is a balcony, and the bottom floor holds the empty main room. The basement contains tripwire traps and a couple of secrets.
Two treasure chests are available in jungle temples — you can find one in the basement and the other beneath a secret passage on the first floor. To open the secret passage, you have to solve the combination lock in the basement.
The small, rare dungeon structure appears underground as a cobblestone room.
It usually has no entrance, so you can use a pickaxe to break in and find treasure chests, which contain moderately useful items. It’s also the only way (other than trading) to get the elusive saddle item, which allows you to ride pigs as a means of transport.
The center of the dungeon contains a fiery grate with a spinning figurine in its center, called a spawner. This block sporadically spits out monsters in nearby dark areas. You can break this block quickly with a pickaxe or neutralize it by lighting the area around it. You can also exploit this block’s capabilities to obtain loot from the monsters that appear.
The witch hut structure, found exclusively in the swamp biome, is used as living space for evil witches.
The witch hut contains a potted mushroom, a crafting table, and a cauldron. Though witches commonly spawn in huts, witches can also spawn elsewhere, like any hostile mob.
This structure is useful because the witch that appears in it drops potion ingredients when it’s slain. However, it’s also worthwhile to take the cauldron, because it’s rather expensive to craft.
Large, abandoned mine shafts can be found underground.
You can find several useful treasure chests in these complex webs of broken rails and tunnels, and you can forage lots of minecart rails. However, you can also easily get lost.
While exploring an abandoned mine shaft, you may discover a room packed with cobwebs, which can slow you down considerably. At the center of the cobwebs is a grate, similar to the one inside a dungeon. The grate spawns cave spiders, which are smaller, blue bugs that crawl from the cobwebs and attack you. The cave spider’s poisonous bite makes it a distinctive threat.
To reach the spawner and shut it off (by breaking it with a pickaxe or lighting possible spawning areas with torches), hack your way through the cobwebs — a sword does this job quickly. Cobwebs also provide lots of string, which you can use to craft items such as wool, bows, and fishing poles.
The incredibly rare (and giant) Stronghold structure is home to the End portal.
Only three exist in most worlds, and all are generally far away from you at the start of the game. You can find the general direction of one by right-clicking while holding an eye of ender and watching in which direction it points.
The main feature of the Stronghold is that it contains the portal to the End. However, the Stronghold itself has plenty of features to explore: rooms, treasure, libraries, and danger.
The nether fortress, is a dark, elaborate castle that you can find — where else? — in the Nether.
The fortress consists of dark rooms and giant, bridge-mounted hallways. The nether fortress is important throughout the game because it’s home to both Blaze and wither skeletons. In certain rooms, you can also find nether wart growing, which you can collect and farm. Additionally, you can find chests at the corner of hallways, which includes all kinds of goods — even obsidian.
The ocean monument is gigantic.
It is so big that it’s almost the size of a Stronghold. This area is the only one that spawns guardians. It’s also the home of three elder guardians. They cast the mining fatigue 3 effect, making it incredibly slow to mine out blocks.
The point of venturing into the ocean monument is to collect its treasure — 8 gold blocks encased in dark prismarine. (This is the only spot where you will find this block in the monument.) If you want to get the treasure, therefore, you have to kill all three elder guardians. You can find the elder guardians in the top, left, and right sections of this monument.