The Nikon D3400’s Trim Function for Cropping

By Julie Adair King

To crop a photo means to trim away some of its perimeter. Cropping out excess background can often improve an image. With the Trim function on the Nikon D3400’s Retouch menu, you can crop a photo right in the camera.

nikon-d3400-cropping
Cropping creates a better composition and eliminates background clutter.

However, always make this your last editing step because after you crop, you can’t apply any other fixes from the Retouch menu.

To get the cropping job done, take these steps:

  1. Display your photo in single-image view, press the i button, select Retouch, and press the Multi Selector right.
    The Retouch menu appears.
  2. Select Trim and press OK.
    You see the screen shown. The yellow box indicates the cropping frame. Anything outside the box won’t appear in the cropped photo.
  3. Rotate the Command dial to change the crop aspect ratio.
    You can crop to one of five aspect ratios: 3:2, 4:3, 5:4, 1:1, and 16:9. The selected aspect ratio appears in the upper-right corner of the screen.
  4. Adjust the cropping frame size and placement as needed.
    For each aspect ratio, you can choose from a variety of crop sizes, which depend on the size of the original. The sizes are stated in pixel terms, such as 3600 x 2880. If you’re cropping in advance of printing the image, remember to aim for at least 200 pixels per linear inch of the print — 800 x 1200 pixels for a 4 x 6 print, for example. The current crop size appears in the upper-left corner of the screen.
    You can adjust the size and placement of the cropping frame like so:

    • Reduce the size of the cropping frame. Press and release the Zoom Out button. Each press of the button further reduces the crop size.
    • Enlarge the cropping frame. Press the Zoom In button.
    • Reposition the cropping frame. Press the Multi Selector up, down, right, or left to shift the frame position.
  5. Press OK to create the cropped copy.

When you view the cropped image in Playback mode, a scissors symbol appears next to the Image Size readout (lower-right corner of the frame) to tell you that you’re looking at a trimmed photo.

nikon-d3400-frame
The yellow box indicates the cropping frame.