Intermediate Spanish: Parts of Speech - dummies

Intermediate Spanish: Parts of Speech

By Gail Stein

Part of Intermediate Spanish For Dummies Cheat Sheet

You may be questioning why it’s so important to know your Spanish grammar. Can’t you just grab a dictionary when you want to find a word and move on? The answer would be “yes” if it were that simple a task. What many people fail to realize is that a Spanish word may have many applications depending on its usage in the sentence. So, it’s a good idea to familiarize yourself with these parts of speech.

  • A noun is a part of speech that refers to a person, place, thing, quality, idea, or action.

  • A verb is a part of speech that shows action or a state of being. A transitive verb requires a direct object to complete its meaning. An intransitive verb doesn’t have an object.

  • A pronoun is a part of speech that replaces a noun.

  • An adjective modifies a noun.

  • An adverb modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

  • A preposition shows the relation of a noun to some other word in the sentence.

  • Demonstrative pronouns express “this,” “that,” “these,” and “those.”

  • A subject pronoun is followed by the verb expressing the main action in the sentence. These pronouns include I, you, he, she, it, we, and they.

  • Possessive pronouns indicate that something belongs to a specific person (my, your, his, her, its, our, their).

  • Interrogative pronouns ask a question (who, which, what, and so on).

  • Direct object pronouns replace direct object nouns and answer who or what the subject is acting upon.

  • Indirect object pronouns replace indirect object nouns and explain to or for whom something is done.

  • Reflexive pronouns show that the subject is acting upon itself.