Individuals at Increased Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

Part of Diabetes For Dummies Cheat Sheet (UK Edition)

People belonging to the following groups should talk to their general practitioner about the possibility of testing for type 2 diabetes and about lifestyle changes that can help to prevent the development of diabetes:

  • Obesity, especially abdominal obesity

  • First-degree relative with type 2 diabetes

  • Past history of gestational diabetes or having a baby born weighing over 9 pounds

  • Past impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glycaemia

  • High blood pressure

  • High cholesterol

  • Inactive lifestyle

  • High-risk ethnic group (South Asian, native Australians, West Africans)

  • Recurrent infections

  • Having a disease that predisposes the person to diabetes (Cushing’s syndrome or acromegaly, for example)

  • Taking medication that predisposes the person to diabetes

  • Microalbuminuria

  • Low birth weight

  • Old age