10 Easy Exercises to Build a Strong Core without Leaving the House
#1: Abdominal Squeezes
This exercise is great for working your abdominals and getting your body core as strong as possible. If you’re female and have gone through a pregnancy, getting these muscles in shape doing these squeezes is a must.
- Put one of your hands against your upper stomach and the other facing the other direction below your belly button.
- Inhale to expand your stomach.
- Exhale and try to pull your abdominal muscles halfway toward your spine.
This is your starting position.
- Contract your abdominal muscles more deeply in toward your spine while counting to two.
- Return to the starting position from Step 3 for another count of two.
Work up to doing 100 repetitions per workout session.
#2: Plank or Modified Plank
Nobody likes doing planks, but they get the job done when it comes to boosting the strength of your core. Both planks and modified planks work multiple areas, including your abdominals, lower back, and shoulders.
- Start on the floor on your stomach and bend your elbows 90 degrees, resting your weight on your forearms.
- Place your elbows directly beneath your shoulders and form a straight line from your head to your feet.
- Hold this position as long as you can.
Repeat this exercise as many times as possible during each workout.
If a regular plank is too hard when you start doing it, do a modified plank by bending your knees and resting on them instead.
Avoid this exercise if you have shoulder or elbow problems or if you have diabetic proliferative retinopathy (bleeding inside your eyes).
#3: Side Planks
A modification of regular planks, this side plank exercise works some of the same and some slightly different muscles that include your abdominals, oblique abdominal muscles, sides of hips, gluteals, and shoulders. Try doing some of both types for the best results.
- Start out on the floor on your side with your feet together and one forearm directly below your shoulder.
- Contract your core muscles and raise your hips until your body is in a straight line from head to feet.
- Hold this position without letting your hips drop for as long as you can.
- Repeat Steps 1 through 3 on the other side.
Switch back and forth between sides as many times as you can.
Try these plank variations to mix things up a bit:
- Raised side plank: Lifting both your top arm and your leg upward brings other muscles into play and makes your core work harder to maintain balance, but don’t let your hips sag.
- Gym ball side plank: Resting your supporting arm on a gym ball, use your core muscles to control the wobble to further strengthen your side muscles.
- Side plank with lateral raise: While holding the side plank position, slowly raise and lower a light dumbbell or other weight with your top arm to improve your coordination and strength.
- Side plank pulse: From the side plank position, add a vertical hip drive by lowering your hips until they’re just off the floor and then driving them up as far as you can with each repetition of this move.
If you work on your abdominal strength, you also need to build the strength in your lower back to keep things balanced. Bridging is a good exercise to do that because it works your buttocks (including gluteals), low back, and hip extensors. Remember to breathe in and out throughout this exercise.
- Keeping your shoulders on the floor, slowly raise your buttocks from the floor with your stomach tight and your lower back straight.
- Gently lower your back to the ground.
- Repeat Steps 1 and 2.
Try the bridging with straight leg raise variation: With your legs bent, lift your buttocks up off the floor. Slowly extend your left knee, keeping your stomach tight. Repeat with the other leg. Do as many repetitions as possible.
#5: Pelvic Tilt
An easy exercise to do, the pelvic tilt works your lower back and lower part of your abdominals.
- Lie on your back on the floor with your knees bent and feet flat on the floor.
- Place your hands either by your sides or supporting your head.
- Tighten your bottom, forcing your lower back flat against the floor, and then relax.
- Repeat Steps 2 and 3 as many times as you can.
#6: Superhero Pose
Whether you want to leap tall buildings with a single bound or not, try doing this superhero pose exercise to get a stronger core. It works many areas, including your lower back, upper back, back of shoulders, and gluteals.
- Lie on your stomach with your arms straight out in front of your head on the floor.
- Rest your chin on the floor between your arms.
- Keeping your arms and legs straight, simultaneously lift your feet and your hands as high off the floor as you can.
Aim for at least 3 inches.
- Hold that position (sort of a superhero flying position) for 10 seconds if possible, and then relax your arms and legs back onto the floor.
If this exercise is too difficult, try lifting just your legs or arms off the floor separately — or even just one limb at a time.
#7: Knee Push-Ups
Push-ups are hard to do if you haven’t built up the strength in your shoulders yet, so this knee version is an easier way to start for most people. This exercise works your chest, front of shoulders, and back of upper arms.
- Get on your hands and knees on the floor or a mat.
- Place your hands shoulder-width apart on the floor.
- Tighten your abdominal muscles to straighten your lower back and lower yourself down toward the floor as far as you can without touching.
- Push yourself back up until your arms are extended, but don’t lock your elbows.
If knee push-ups are too hard for you, try doing wall push-ups to start instead. Stand facing a wall at an arm’s length and place your palms against it at shoulder height and with your feet about a foot apart. Do your push-ups off the wall.
#8: Suitcase Lift
This exercise is the proper way to lift items from the floor. Before you begin, place dumbbells or household items slightly forward and between your feet on the floor. You work the same muscles used in doing squats (lower back and lower body) with this activity.
- Stand in an upright position with your back and arms straight, with your hands in front of your abdomen.
- Bending only your knees, reach down to pick up the dumbbells.
- Grab the dumbbells or items in both hands and then push up with your legs and stand upright, keeping your back straight.
#9: Squats with Knee Squeezes
These squats are not your normal squats. They’re more like a combination of squatting and wall sitting with a twist. You work the front and back of thighs, inner thighs (adductors), hip flexors, and extensors all with this one exercise.
- Stand with your back against the wall, with your feet aligned with your knees and straight out in front of you.
- Place a ball or pillow between your knees and hold it there with your legs.
- Inhale to expand your stomach and then exhale and contract your abdominal muscles.
- Bend your knees and lower yourself into a squat.
To avoid injuring your knees, don’t bend them more than 90 degrees.
- Squeeze the ball with your thighs, drawing your stomach muscles more deeply toward your spine.
- Do as many squeezes as you can up to 20 and then return to the starting position.
Lungesare a common activity to work on the front and back of thighs, hip flexors and extensors, abdominals, and lower back all with one exercise. Do them with proper form to avoid aggravating your knees, though.
- Keep your upper body straight, with your shoulders back and relaxed and chin up.
- Pick a point to stare at in front of you so you don’t keep looking down, and engage your core.
- Step forward with one leg, lowering your hips until both knees are bent at about a 90-degree angle.
Make sure your front knee is directly above your ankle, not pushed out too far, and don’t let your back knee touch the floor.
- Focus on keeping your weight on your heels as you push back up to the starting position.
To prevent injuries, if you feel any pain in your knees or hips when you do a lunge, do the following instead
- Take smaller steps out with your front leg.
- Slowly increase your lunge distance as your pain gets better.
- Try doing a reverse lunge (stepping backward rather than forward) to help reduce knee strain.