Crucial Clinical Anatomy of the Upper and Lower Extremities

By David Terfera, Shereen Jegtvig

Part of Clinical Anatomy For Dummies Cheat Sheet

The upper extremities and lower extremities are just fancy names for the arms and the legs. Knowing the clinical anatomy of these structures is important because your future patients need arms and legs to get from place to place and pick up things when they get there.

Following are the main features of the upper extremities:

  • Shoulder girdle

  • Humerus (upper arm bone)

  • Radius (forearm bone)

  • Ulna (another forearm bone)

  • Carpal bones (wrist bones)

  • Metacarpals and phalanges (hand and finger bones)

  • Shoulder joint

  • Elbow joint

  • Wrist joint

Here are the parts of the lower extremities that you need to know:

  • Femur (thigh bone)

  • Tibia (leg bone)

  • Fibula (the other leg bone)

  • Tarsal bones (ankle bones)

  • Metatarsals and phalanges (foot and toe bones)

  • Hip joint

  • Knee joint

  • Ankle joint