Special Right Triangles — Practice Geometry Questions
In geometry, special right triangles are great to work with because the ratio of their sides will always be the same, making calculations easier. The two special triangles you need to know are the isosceles (or 454590) and 306090 right triangles.
You can use your knowledge of special right triangles to answer the following questions.
Practice questions

The length of the altitude of an equilateral triangle is
Find the length of a side of the triangle.

In isosceles right
Rectangle PLCE,
with diagonal
drawn forms a 30degree angle at
Find the length of
Answers and explanations

8
An equilateral triangle is a triangle with three congruent sides and three congruent angles. Each angle therefore measures 60 degrees. When you draw the altitude, it creates two
as in the following figure.
The pattern of the sides of a
is as follows:
The altitude is the side opposite the 60degree angle; therefore,
A side of the equilateral triangle is opposite the 90degree angle, so it’s equal to 2x; therefore, a side of the triangle equals

The pattern of the sides of an isosceles right triangle
is as follows:
In this problem, the side opposite the 45degree angle is
therefore,
As shown in the figure,
diagonal
divides this rectangle into two
The pattern of the sides of a
is as follows:
Line segment PE, measuring 24, is the side opposite the 60degree angle, so it’s equal to
therefore,
Line segment PL is the side opposite the 60degree angle, so it equals x. Therefore,