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Wiley AP U.S. History (1118490258) cover image

Wiley AP U.S. History

ISBN: 978-1-118-49025-9
E-book
408 pages
February 2013
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Part I: About the AP U.S. History Exam 1

Chapter 1: An Introduction to the Exam and General Study Strategies 3

What’s on the Test 4

Political, Economic, and Social (PES) Questions 10

What the AP Grades Mean 12

Test Preparation 13

Chapter 2: Getting Mentally Prepared for the Big Test 17

Identifying the Way You Learn 18

Ways to Maximize Your Study Time 20

Strategies to Reduce Pretest Anxiety 21

Two Days before the Exam 23

Exam Day 24

Chapter 3: Strategies for the Multiple-Choice Section 27

Thinking Like the Test Writers 27

Time Management during the Test 37

Chapter 4: Scoring Well on Document-Based Questions (DBQs) 39

Using Documents Like a Historian 40

DBQ Scores 40

PAT: A Strategy for Answering Document-Based Questions 42

Sample Document-Based Question: The Reconstruction 43

Chapter 5: Writing AP-Quality Essays 51

How to Handle Timing 51

Selecting the Best Questions 52

Grading Criteria for Essay Questions 55

Converting Questions to PAT Answers 56

Part II: U.S. History from America’s Beginning to Now 62

Chapter 6: American Indians from 20,000 BCE to 1491 CE 65

The First Americans 66

Early American Indian Empires 67

American Indians in North America 70

Native Americans and the Spread of Infectious Diseases 71

Uneven Gift Exchange 72

Chapter 7: The New World: 1492–1690 73

Europeans Settle into the New World 74

The American Colonies 80

Early Challenges to the New Colonies 86

Chapter 8: The Road to the Revolution: 1691–1775 91

Population Expansion in the Colonies 92

Daily Life in the Colonies 94

American Arts 96

Changing Attitudes toward Religion 98

Early Politics 99

Making Money in Colonial America 100

Fighting across North America 101

Prelude to the Revolutionary War 104

Colonial History Essay Subjects 107

Chapter 9: From Revolution to Republic: 1776–1815 109

Common Sense and the Declaration of Independence 110

Early Battles between Britain and the Patriots 110

The American Revolution: An Overview 111

Designing A New Country 113

The Legal Foundation of a Nation 116

The Young Republic 120

John Adams 122

Thomas Jefferson and the 1800s 122

Events Leading to the War of 1812 124

The Era of Good Feelings 126

Chapter 10: The United States Grows Up, 1816–1845 127

Manifest Destiny 128

Kick-starting Political Action 129

The Missouri Compromise of 1820 131

The Monroe Doctrine (1823) 132

The Trail of Tears (1838) 133

Andrew Jackson’s Presidency 133

Modern Conveniences 135

Slavery Grows with Cotton 137

Education and the Arts 138

Transcendentalism and the Second Great Awakening 138

Chapter 11: From Sea to Shining Sea: 1846–1854 139

New Inventions 140

Strides in Transportation 141

Social Change 142

Expanded Roles for Women 145

Arts in Mid-19th Century America 146

The Economics of Slavery 147

Early Ethnic Group Issues 148

More Land for America 151

Sliding to Civil War 152

Chapter 12: The Fight over Slavery: 1855–1865 155

Uncle Tom’s Cabin and the Shift in Public Opinion 156

From Words to Bullets in Bleeding Kansas 157

The Dred Scott Decision 158

Financial Collapse: The Panic of 1857 160

The Election of 1860: Widening the Divide 160

The Civil War Erupts 162

The Aftermath of the Civil War 165

Chapter 13: Reconstruction and the Move Westward, 1866–1880 167

Reconstruction 168

The Presidency of Ulysses S. Grant 172

Life in the Gilded Age 173

The Push Westward 177

Chapter 14: The U.S. Grows Up, 1881–1899 181

Social Change in the Gilded Age 182

Arts and Entertainment in the Late 19th Century 185

Presidents of the Period 186

Getting Down to Business 188

Hard Times and Labor Unions 190

Settling the West 192

Backing Paper Money with Precious Metals 193

American Imperialism 194

Chapter 15: America on the International Stage, Ready or Not: 1900–1919 197

The United States in Asia 198

Theodore Roosevelt 199

Exposing the Shortcomings of Society 202

William Howard Taft and Trust-Busting 205

Idealism with Woodrow Wilson 205

World War I 208

Chapter 16: The Jazz Age and the Great Depression: 1921–1939 215

U.S. versus Communism: The Early Years 216

The Return of the Klan 216

Immigration Act of 1924 217

The Jazz Age 218

Signs of Economic Trouble Ahead 223

Politics Leading to the Depression 224

The Stock Market Crash of 1929 225

Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal 227

Demagogues of the Depression 231

Chapter 17: World War II: 1940–1945 233

The Brink of War 234

The Flames of War Grow Higher 236

Fighting to Win on the Home Front 238

The Fight in the Pacific  241

The Fight in Europe  242

The Atomic Bomb and the End of the Conflict 243

Chapter 18: Victory and Cold War: 1946–1960 245

Post-WWII America 246

Truman, the Unexpected President 248

The Beginning of the Cold War 249

Anti-Communism Hysteria  251

The Korean War 252

The Eisenhower Presidency 253

The Prosperous 1950s 254

The Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s 257

The Space Race 259

Castro in Cuba 259

The Election of John Kennedy 259

Chapter 19: Rock and Roll Living: 1961–1979 261

Kennedy: Progress and the Cold War 262

Trade Agreements 263

The United States as World Cop 264

The Supreme Court of the 1960s 265

The Assassination of JFK 266

The Height of the Civil Rights Movement 266

Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ) 268

The Vietnam War 270

Richard Nixon 271

Gerald Ford 274

Jimmy Carter 275

Chapter 20: Leading in the Modern World: 1980–The Present 277

Ronald Reagan and Reaganomics 278

Communism Fades 280

George H.W. Bush 281

Modern Democracy with Bill Clinton 282

George W. Bush 284

The 21st Century 287

Part III: Review of Key Trends, Events, and Supreme Court Cases 291

Chapter 21: Key Events in U.S. History 293

1500–1675: Setting Up the Colonies 294

1675–1775: Building the Colonies 294

1776: Revolution 295

1780–1800: The Constitution 296

1800–1840: Democracy and Manifest Destiny 296

1820–1860: The Long Prequel to the Civil War 297

1860–1865: Civil War 297

1865–1900: The United States Grows Up 298

1900–1945: U.S. as World Power 299

1930 to Now: Guardian of the People 299

Chapter 22: Key Issues in U.S. History 301

U.S. Diversity 301

The American Identity 302

American Culture 302

Demographics 303

Economics 303

Women’s Rights 303

Racial Equality 304

Reform 304

U.S. Relations with the World 304

Spirituality 305

Chapter 23: Key Supreme Court Decisions 307

Marbury v. Madison (1803) 307

McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) 308

Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) 308

Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) 308

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) 308

West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish (1937) 308

Brown v. Board of Education (1954) 308

Mapp v. Ohio (1962) 309

Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) 309

Griswold v. Connecticut (1965) 309

Miranda v. Arizona (1966) 309

Roe v. Wade (1973) 309

United States v. Nixon (1974) 310

Part IV: Practice Tests and Answer Sheets 311

Chapter 24: Practice Test 1 313

General Instructions 313

Section I: Multiple Choice 314

Section II: Free-Response Questions 331

Chapter 25: Answers to Practice Test 1 337

Section I: Multiple Choice 338

Section II: Free-Response Questions 342

Chapter 26: Practice Test 2 347

Section I: Multiple Choice 348

Section II: Free-Response Questions 362

Chapter 27: Answers to Practice Test 2 369

Section I: Multiple Choice 369

Section II: Free-Response Questions 372

Answer Sheet for Practice Test 1 377

Answer Sheet for Practice Test 2 379

Index 381

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