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Cheat Sheet

SAS For Dummies Cheat Sheet

From SAS For Dummies, 2nd Edition

By Stephen McDaniel, Chris Hemedinger

SAS Institute has hundreds of SAS products, so a partial list of the ones you might run will help you know which one to use for your job. The tasks in SAS Enterprise Guide and SAS Add-In for Microsoft Office create SAS programs that call on SAS procedures. Having a list of those procedures and being able to find them quickly in SAS Enterprise Guide will boost your efficiency.

Selecting the Correct SAS Product

SAS Institute offers hundreds of SAS products, and sometimes it’s difficult to decide which tool you should use for your work. Here is a partial list of SAS products you might encounter and who uses them for what purpose. As a SAS customer, you might use just one of these products or a few of them; if you’re really lucky, you might use them all.

SAS, or the SAS System

The SAS System is the original SAS product that customers have used in one form or another for more than 30 years, on systems ranging from big mainframes to laptops. It’s also known as Display Manager (the name of the windowing interface), or Base SAS, or just plain old SAS. The SAS System is primarily a tool for people comfortable with writing SAS programs. It contains the data processing and analytics engine that is at the core of most SAS products.

SAS Enterprise Guide

SAS Enterprise Guide provides a modern, easy-to-use interface to much of the power of SAS. SAS Enterprise Guide is used by SAS programmers, business analysts (who might or might not have programming skills), and statisticians. It’s a Microsoft Windows application that can connect to SAS; you can use it to drive the SAS analytics engine running on a mainframe, UNIX, or other remote machines as a server application. SAS Enterprise Guide is like a general store for SAS, where you can get a little bit of everything that SAS has to offer.

SAS Data Integration Studio

SAS Data Integration Studio is used to create and maintain data warehouses and data marts, which are specialized stores of data that have been prepared for effective reporting and analytics. Data experts, such as database administrators and IT specialists — people who support other folks who have to create reports — use SAS Data Integration Studio. Like SAS Enterprise Guide, this is a client application that runs on your desktop and provides an intuitive user interface, but it can connect to SAS and databases that run on machines all over your organization.

SAS Enterprise Miner

SAS Enterprise Miner is used for data mining, or investigating patterns in large amounts of data. Statisticians and professional modelers use SAS Enterprise Miner to segment data and create descriptive or predictive models. For example, a bank might use such a model to predict how likely you are to respond to a certain credit card offering. If your data profile is similar enough to others who have responded to similar offers, SAS Enterprise Miner would produce a model that indicates you’re worth sending the offer to. Hello, Platinum card!

SAS Add-In for Microsoft Office

Some people spend most of their working days working with a Microsoft Office application such as Excel or PowerPoint. SAS Add-In for Microsoft Office lets you open SAS data sources and run SAS analyses without ever having to leave the comfy world of your spreadsheet or slideshow. SAS Add-In for Microsoft Office is used by business analysts who don’t really need to know anything about SAS programming but need the answers that SAS can provide.

SAS Web Report Studio

All business intelligence software vendors must have a Web-based reporting product, and SAS Web Report Studio fits that bill. SAS Web Report Studio allows you to create and distribute reports to anyone who needs them, all without leaving your Web browser.

SAS Forecast Studio

SAS Forecast Studio analyzes time-based data and forecasting future trends and events. It’s like a crystal ball, only better! SAS Forecast Studio is used by professional modelers or statisticians who understand concepts such as seasonality and intermittent demand models. However, no SAS programming is required!

JMP

JMP is a standalone, highly visual analytics product. It runs on Microsoft Windows, Apple Macintosh, or Linux-based computers. JMP is sometimes packaged with SAS and can work with other SAS products, but most often it’s used by researchers, engineers, and quality-control experts who want advanced analytics without a big software footprint.

SAS Procedures and Their Location in SAS Enterprise Guide

The tasks in SAS Enterprise Guide and SAS Add-In for Microsoft Office cover a wide range of SAS capabilities. These SAS tasks are easy-to-use interfaces that create SAS programs to do their work. The programs call on SAS procedures, where each procedure represents a specialized capability. And to make it even more interesting, SAS (the company) provides these procedures in product bundles, which must be separately licensed for customers to use them. With all of this at work, it can be tricky to keep track of which tasks use which procedures that need which SAS products.

The following table lays it all out for you: all the tasks, how to find them in the menu, which procedures they use, and which SAS products are involved.

Task
and
Menu Location
SAS Procedures
and
SAS Products
Import Data
(Excel)

File→Import Data

DATA step; IMPORT

Base SAS

Open
Information Map

File→Open

DATA step

Base SAS

Linear Models

Tasks→ANOVA

GLM

SAS/STAT

Mixed Models

Tasks→ANOVA

MIXED

SAS/STAT

Nonparametric
One-Way
ANOVA

Tasks→ANOVA

NPAR1WAY

SAS/STAT

One-Way
ANOVA

Tasks→ANOVA

ANOVA; GPLOT

SAS/STAT; SAS/GRAPH

t Test

Tasks→ANOVA

TTEST

SAS/STAT

CDF Plots

Tasks–
>Capability

CAPABILITY

SAS/QC

Histograms

Tasks–
>Capability

CAPABILITY

SAS/QC

P-P Plots

Tasks–
>Capability

CAPABILITY

SAS/QC

Probability
Plots

Tasks→Capability

CAPABILITY

SAS/QC

Q-Q Plots

Tasks–
>Capability

CAPABILITY

SAS/QC

Box Chart

Tasks→Control
Charts

SHEWHART

SAS/QC

c Chart

Tasks→Control
Charts

SHEWHART

SAS/QC

Individual
Measurements
Chart

Tasks→Control
Charts

SHEWHART

SAS/QC

Mean and
Range Chart

Tasks→Control
Charts

SHEWHART

SAS/QC

Mean and
Standard
Deviation Chart

Tasks→Control
Charts

SHEWHART

SAS/QC

np Chart

Tasks→Control
Charts

SHEWHART

SAS/QC

p Chart

Tasks→Control
Charts

SHEWHART

SAS/QC

u Chart

Tasks→Control
Charts

SHEWHART

SAS/QC

Append Table

Tasks→Data

SQL

Base SAS

Compare Data

Tasks→Data

COMPARE

Base SAS

Create Format

Tasks→Data

FORMAT

Base SAS

Data Set
Attributes

Tasks→Data

DATASETS

Base SAS

Delete Data
Sets and
Formats

Tasks→Data

DELETE

Base SAS

Download Data
Files to PC

Tasks→Data

SQL

Base SAS

Filter and Sort

Tasks→Data

SQL

Base SAS

Query Builder

Tasks→Data

SQL

Base SAS

Random Sample

Tasks→Data

SURVEYSELECT

SAS/STAT

Rank

Tasks→Data

RANK

Base SAS

Sort Data

Tasks→Data

SORT

Base SAS

Split Columns

Tasks→Data

TRANSPOSE

Base SAS

Stack Columns

Tasks→Data

TRANSPOSE

Base SAS

Standardize
Data

Tasks→Data

STANDARD

Base SAS

Table Analysis

Tasks→Data

FREQ

Base SAS

Transpose

Tasks→Data

TRANSPOSE

Base SAS

Upload Data to
SAS Server

Tasks→Data

SQL

Base SAS

Import from
SPSS

Tasks→Data

IMPORT

SAS/ACCESS
Interface to PC File
Formats

Import from JMP

Tasks→Data

IMPORT

SAS/ACCESS
Interface to PC File
Formats

Import from
Stata

Tasks→Data

IMPORT

SAS/ACCESS
Interface to PC File
Formats

Characterize Data Wizard

Tasks→Describe

CONTENTS;
UNIVARIATE;
FREQ

SAS/STAT

Distribution
Analysis

Tasks→Describe

UNIVARIATE

SAS/STAT

List Data

Tasks→Describe

PRINT

Base SAS

List Report

Tasks→Describe

REPORT

Base SAS

One-Way
Frequencies

Tasks→Describe

FREQ

Base SAS

Summary Statistics

Tasks→Describe

MEANS

Base SAS

Summary Tables

Tasks→Describe

TABULATE

Base SAS

Area Plot

Tasks→Graph

GPLOT

SAS/GRAPH

Bar Chart

Tasks→Graph

GCHART

SAS/GRAPH

Bar-Line Chart

Tasks→Graph

GBARLINE

SAS/GRAPH

Box Plot

Tasks→Graph

GPLOT

SAS/GRAPH

Bubble Plot

Tasks→Graph

GPLOT

SAS/GRAPH

Contour Plot

Tasks→Graph

GCONTOUR

SAS/GRAPH

Create Map
Feature Table

Tasks→Graph

GPROJECT

SAS/GRAPH

Donut Chart

Tasks→Graph

GCHART

SAS/GRAPH

Line Plot

Tasks→Graph

GPLOT

SAS/GRAPH

Map Graph

Tasks→Graph

GMAP

SAS/GRAPH

Pie Chart

Tasks→Graph

GCHART

SAS/GRAPH

Radar Chart

Tasks→Graph

GRADAR

SAS/GRAPH

Scatter Plot

Tasks→Graph

GPLOT; G3D

SAS/GRAPH

Surface Plot

Tasks→Graph

G3D

SAS/GRAPH

Tile Chart

Tasks→Graph

GTILE

SAS/GRAPH

Model Scoring

Tasks→Model Scoring

NONE

SAS Enterprise Miner

Canonical
Correlation

Tasks→
Multivariate

CANCORR

SAS/STAT

Cluster Analysis

Tasks→
Multivariate

CLUSTER, TREE,
FASTCLUS

SAS/STAT

Correlations

Tasks→
Multivariate

CORR

Base SAS

Discriminant Analysis

Tasks→
Multivariate

DISCRIM

SAS/STAT

Factor Analysis

Tasks→
Multivariate

FACTOR

SAS/STAT

Principal
Components

Tasks→Multivariate

PRINCOMP

SAS/STAT

Pareto Chart

Tasks→Pareto

PARETO

SAS/QC

Generalized Linear
Models

Tasks→
Regression

GENMOD

SAS/STAT

Linear Regression

Tasks→
Regression

REG

SAS/STAT

Logistic Regression

Tasks→
Regression

LOGISTIC

SAS/STAT

Nonlinear
Regression

Tasks→
Regression

NLIN

SAS/STAT

Life Tables

Tasks→
Survival Analysis

LIFETEST

SAS/ETS

Proportional
Hazards

Tasks→
Survival Analysis

PHREG

SAS/ETS

ARIMA Modeling
and Forecasting

Tasks→
Time Series

ARIMA

SAS/ETS

Basic Forecasting

Tasks→
Time Series

FORECAST

SAS/ETS

Create Time
Series Data

Tasks→
Time Series

TIMESERIES

SAS/ETS

Forecast Studio
Create Project
Wizard

Tasks→
Time Series

Forecast Studio

SAS
Forecast Server

Forecast Studio
Open Project Wizard

Tasks→Time
Series

Forecast Studio

SAS
Forecast Server

Forecast Studio
Override Wizard

Tasks→Time Series

Forecast Studio

SAS
Forecast Server

Prepare Time
Series Data

Tasks→Time
Series

EXPAND

SAS/ETS

Regression
Analysis of Panel
Data

Tasks→Time
Series

TSCSREG

SAS/ETS

Regression
Analysis with
Autoregressive
Errors

Tasks→Time
Series

AUTOREG

SAS/ETS

Update Library
Metadata

Tools

METALIB

Base SAS

Assign Project
Library

Tools

LIBNAME

Base SAS