Fixed-Charges Coverage Ratio in QuickBooks 2014
QuickBooks enables you to keep track of your company’s fixed-charges coverage ratio. The fixed-charges coverage ratio resembles the times interest earned ratio. The fixed-charges coverage ratio calculates how easily a firm pays not only its interest expenses, but also any principal payments on loans and any other payments that the firm is legally obligated to make.
The fixed-charges coverage ratio uses the following formula:
income available for fixed charges/fixed charges
Refer to the example business described by the balance sheet and the income statement shown.
|Fixed assets (net)||270,000|
|S. Nelson, capital||200,000|
|Total liabilities and owner’s equity||$320,000|
|Less: Cost of goods sold||30,000|
|Total operating expenses||60,000|
Suppose that the $5,000 of rent shown in the income statement is actually a fixed charge because the firm is renting space on a long-term lease. Further suppose that for the purpose of this ratio, although it doesn’t show up on the income statement, the $100,000 loan that shows up on the balance sheet requires an annual $5,000 in principal payments.
In this case, this firm is obligated to pay fixed charges as summarized. In total, then, fixed charges for this firm equal $20,000 a year.
The other input needed to calculate the fixed-charges coverage ratio is the income available for these fixed charges. The following table shows you how to calculate the income available for fixed charges. You start with the operating income, which equals $60,000. (Remember that the operating income is the income before paying interest expense.)
|Add-back of rent||5,000|
You must add to the operating income any fixed charges included in the income statement. In this case, the rent turns out to be a fixed charge. Therefore, you need to add the $5,000 of rent needs to the operating income in order to get income available for fixed charges. The income available for fixed charges equals $65,000.
With the two needed inputs, you can calculate the fixed-charges coverage ratio by using this formula:
This formula returns a fixed-charges coverage ratio of 3.25, which indicates that the firm generates slightly more than three times as much income as needed to pay its fixed charges.
No guideline exists to specify what your fixed-charges coverage ratio should be. In fact, it’s particularly difficult to get the information necessary to think about fixed-charge coverage ratios because fixed charges don’t clearly appear in the standard set of simple financial statements.
One of the things that make financial statements (that are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) so useful is that the fixed-charges information is usually disclosed in little footnotes that appear at the end of the financial statements.