The Ultimate Guide to Minecraft Biomes

By Jesse Stay, Thomas Stay, Jacob Cordeiro

Biomes are specific regions in Minecraft, each with their own unique geographical features, climates, resources, wild life, and more. Each biome is a different environment that presents different challenges for survival and opportunities to thrive. Depending on the biome you are in, your strategy may change. For example, if you are in a dry biome such as the Desert, your immediate challenge is to find a consistent supply of water. However, if you spawn in a snowy biome, you might first be focused on finding / building shelter to keep your character alive!

There are six types of biomes available in Minecraft including:

  • Snowy Biomes
  • Cold Biomes
  • Medium (Lush) Biomes
  • Warm (Dry) Biomes
  • Neutral Biomes
  • Unused Biomes (we will not cover these biome types in our guide as they are not generated in default worlds)

Our list of Minecraft biomes will break down each of the different individual environments that you can find or be spawned into. There is no “best biome” but there are certain advantages and disadvantages that comes with each setting. The great thing about Minecraft is that having so many different atmospheres keeps the game fresh and exciting!

Snowy Biomes

Minecraft has a total of six snowy biomes. Each one features snow and ice as main features, and add an interesting dynamic to the game. This list describes the snowy biomes:

  • Frozen River: This biome is characterized by its ice river, allowing you to harvest ice.

  • Ice Plains: This one has vast amounts of snow-covered plain, but few trees. It also has frozen rivers and lakes. And, it never rains — it only snows in the Ice Plains. Sugar cane grows naturally, but little else. Because of its difficulty level, many players leave this biome as soon as possible, in order to survive.

  • Ice Plains Spike: This beautiful and rare variation of the Ice Plains biome has frozen hoodoos creating a picturesque, though barren, landscape.

    minecraft snowy biomes

  • Cold Beach: In this interesting biome, ice plains and ocean intersect, creating a snow-covered plain, a sandy beach, and an ocean.

  • Cold Taiga: This winter wonderland features ferns, spruce trees, flowers, and wolves (and of course, snow).

  • Cold Taiga M: The M in its name stands for mountains. This biome has cold taiga with a mountainous terrain.

Cold Biomes

Though snow may not always be the main feature of cold biomes in Minecraft, the terrain is reminiscent of any colder environment. Cold biomes are known for their evergreens, fewer trees, and lots of gravel, stone, and dirt. Here’s a description of the cold biomes:

  • Extreme Hills: This exciting biome offers natural emerald ores and silverfish exclusively, thanks to its extensive tunnel system. However, your character is likely to die from fall damage from its numerous cliffs and ledges. This biome offers oak and spruce trees, snow, and monster eggs.
  • minecraft cold biomes

  • Extreme Hills M: With higher peaks that touch the clouds, this variation of Extreme Hills offers fewer trees, more gravel, and snow.
  • Extreme Hills+: This one truly mixes the two Extreme Hills biomes, providing high peaks and trees with plenty of stone and dirt.
  • Extreme Hills+ M: Though this variation offers gravel mountains and even a small clearing of grass, it is, again, short on trees.
  • Taiga: This biome boasts of plenty of spruce trees and ferns with wolves naturally running amok.
  • minecraft tiaga biome

  • Taiga M: This biome adds mountains, but no snow, and an abundance of sheep.
  • Mega Taiga: This uncommon variation has spruce trees that are so tall and thick they practically become jungle trees. Podzol dirt (which is useful for growing giant mushrooms and other plants), moss stones, and wild brown mushrooms are also common.
  • Mega Spruce Taiga: This one is similar to Mega Taiga, but with shorter spruce trees.
  • Stone Beach: Also called Cliff biome, this one occurs whenever mountains meet the ocean, offering a large amount of stone.
  • The End: Your world doesn’t naturally create this biome; instead, you must advance and create this dimension. Also called Sky biome, it’s where the ender dragon naturally spawns.

Medium Biomes

The Minecraft biomes described here are just right in terms of temperature; they are neither too hot nor too cold. As their name implies, medium biomes have a rather average climate, and less extreme geology to accompany that climate. A medium biome tends to be quite comfortable. This list describes medium biomes:

  • Plains: It’s one of the best biomes for resources, because it has villages, cave openings, lava, water sources, and plenty of grass and flowers. Also, horses and other passive mobs regularly spawn there. Wood, however, is limited, and it’s virtually flat. Many players love this biome, with its excessive number of passive mobs.
  • minecraft sunflower plains biome

  • Sunflower Plains: Just add sunflowers, which is handy for making yellow dye.
  • Forest: This biome is relatively small, so players often collect wood and move in and out of it as necessary. In addition to oak and birch trees, forests provide tall grass, flowers such as poppies, and mushrooms. Forests also offer more hills than the Plains biome. The problem is that mobs can hide around every tree, making this biome a deathtrap at night. Zombies are particularly fond of the Forest biome.
    The best way to survive the Forest biome at night is to pull out flint and steel and light a tree on fire, causing an enormous forest fire. Otherwise, the mobs spawn so quickly that it’s impossible to defeat them with weapons.
  • minecraft flower forest biome

  • Flower Forest: With fewer trees and a staggering array of flowers in this biome, you can collect unique flowers for dyes and bonemeal used in farming.
  • Birch Forest: This forest contains birch trees exclusively.
  • Birch Forest M: This one has taller birch trees, but not mountains (despite the letter M in its name).
  • Birch Forest Hills M: This one has taller birch trees and mountains, which spawn cows and are good for mining.
  • Roofed Forest: Also called the Black Forest (like the one from Germany), this biome features dark oak trees, mushrooms (including giant mushrooms), rose bushes, and a canopy so thick and dark that mobs can spawn during the day.
  • Roofed Forest M: Add steep cliffs and ledges to the Roofed Forest, which increases the danger and, possibly, the mushrooms.
  • minecraft swampland biome

  • Swampland: This dangerous biome is flat with shallow pools of dark water. Lily pads, mushrooms, and sugarcane are common. Vines grow on trees and in the swampy water. Witch huts and slimes spawn there, making this place almost not survivable at night. It also features oak trees and clay.
  • Swampland M: It’s simply a hill variation of swampland with slightly lighter green grass.
  • River: Rivers often separate biomes and are excellent sites for fishing. Some oak trees also grow. Rivers don’t have currents but usually lead to an ocean. This biome also offers sand, clay, and a water source.
  • Beach: Beaches line the ocean biomes with sand (or, occasionally, gravel) blocks. Fishing is also good in this biome.
  • Jungle: This rich biome is home to tall jungle trees, melon plants, jungle temples, cocoa beans, flowers, ocelots, ferns, and vines. This landscape includes hills and small pools of water.
  • Jungle M: The hills in this biome allow the trees to grow above the cloud line and the floor to become invisible in a sea of ferns. It’s another rich biome with unique melon plants, cocoa pods, and jungle temples.
  • Jungle Edge: The edge of the jungle (as its name implies) connects a Jungle biome to another biome. The jungle trees are significantly shorter, but ocelots, vines, and melons still spawn there.
  • Jungle Edge M: This mountainous version lacks the tall trees connecting a Jungle biome to another.
  • minecraft mushroom island biome

  • Mushroom Island: This unusual biome is isolated and filled with mushrooms and giant mushrooms. The only mob that spawns there is mooshrooms, which means that it has no hostile mobs — which is extraordinary for exploring caves and mine shafts. The only challenge is replacing the natural mycelium with farmland, which requires digging up the mycelium, placing dirt, and immediately tilling it. Many players simply harvest the mushrooms rather than create farms in this biome.
  • Mushroom Island Shore: This flat area of the island connects it to the ocean and is dotted with mushrooms.

Warm Biomes

Warm biomes are, well warmer than most biomes. Warm biomes usually have more desert and less water than most biomes. Expect to keep a good storage of water in these biomes to keep you hydrated. Here’s a description of the warm biomes:

  • Desert: This difficult biome is composed of sand dunes, sandstone, and deadly cacti. Occasionally, sugar cane grows on its edges. No passive mobs spawn here. The only benefits of this biome are its desert temples, desert village, and desert wells. The Desert biome is almost impossible to survive if your game starts there.
  • Desert M: This variation has a small oasis of water, allowing sugar cane to grow.
  • minecraft savanna biome

  • Savanna: This rainless biome offers flat, tall grass with arcadia trees, sheep, cows, and villages Like the plains biome, this is the only other place to naturally find horses.
  • Savanna M: Mountains reach above the clouds to the highest level their world allows in the game (without using an amplified world type, which you can set before starting Minecraft in order to manipulate the size of mountains). Plenty of tall arcadia trees and tall grass and breathtaking peaks adorn its surface.
  • Mesa: This extremely rare biome offers red sand, hardened clay, red sandstone, occasional cacti, and six colors of stained clay. Small pools of water are found in all Mesa biome variations.
  • minecraft mesa bryce biome

  • Mesa (Bryce): This desert-like Mesa biome variation offers spire-hardened clay columns, similar to the hoodoos of Bryce Canyon in Utah (from which it draws its name). The figure shows what Mesa (Bryce) looks like.
  • Mesa Plateau: This biome is characterized by its flat-topped hills. In this case, the hills are the red hardened clay of the mesa.
  • Mesa Plateau F: Mesa Plateau F has flat-topped hills but covered layer of dirt and grass with a few short trees growing on it (almost like a savanna).
  • Mesa Plateau M: This variation offers steeper cliffs and longer flattops.
  • Mesa Plateau F M: This savanna variation offers tremendously high grassland, flattop mountains, often reaching the world height limit.
  • Hell: More commonly called the Nether, this biome is created in the game; you don’t naturally spawn there. It contains rivers of lava, is surrounded by bedrock, and features large quantities of netherrack and nether quartz, as well as nether wart. This biome is the only home of blazes, wither skeletons, zombie pigmen, ghasts, and magma cubes. Glowstone and soul sand are also found here. Many nether resources are found in nether fortresses.

Neutral and Other Biomes

Neutral biomes in Minecraft tend to connect all the other biomes. From oceans to hills, you can’t miss these biomes. This list describes the neutral biomes:

  • Ocean: Large oceans, often extending over 3,000 blocks, offer water, squid, and gravel. The ocean floor includes small mountains and plains, including the rare cavern entrance.

    Console versions have oceans on the edges of world maps.

  • Deep Ocean: A deep ocean is often twice the depth of a normal ocean and is home to ocean monuments, which are shown in the following figure), including the hostile guardians and elder guardians. These monuments also feature prismarine blocks and 8 gold blocks (as a treasure prize).

  • Hills: Hills can be added to jungle, ice, taiga, desert, and forest biomes. Some players find climbing and building minecart tracks discouraging in these biomes, whereas other players enjoy creating bases among the cliffs.

    ocean monument minecraft