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Basics of Flat and Sharp Intervals on the Guitar

Like the spaces between natural notes, the spaces between intervals on the guitar are filled with flats and sharps. For example, the 1st and 2nd major scale degrees are a whole step apart, meaning they [more…]

Basics of Interval Qualities on the Guitar

On the guitar, intervals are classified by one of five qualities. The five interval qualities in music are: [more…]

Basics of the C Form on the Guitar

The open C chord is one of the most basic types of chords that guitarists play. You probably learned it early on when you first started with guitar. But did you know the C chord shape doesn’t have to be [more…]

Basics of the Seven Triads of the Major Scale on the Guitar

After you understand how to build triads on the guitar, you can continue to build on each degree in the G major scale. Here’s what the completed scale looks like in triads: [more…]

How to Make Chord Inversions and Chord Voicings on the Guitar

Before you can use the CAGED system to create different chord inversions on the guitar, you need to familiarize yourself with a few terms and concepts. [more…]

How to Play a C form Arpeggio Pattern on the Guitar

On the guitar, before you break down the C form into smaller and more useable chord voicings, you should add to it in the form of an arpeggio pattern. An [more…]

How to Play C form Chord Voicings on the Guitar

On the guitar, different C form chord voicings are played by breaking down the arpeggio pattern into smaller, fragmented pieces. Here are several ways to play partial chord shapes based on the full C form [more…]

Basics of the A Form on the Guitar

On the guitar, the A form is one of the most commonly used shapes and is typically what comes to mind when guitarists think of barre chords. You move up an open A chord and use it as an A form barre chord [more…]

Basics of the G Form on the Guitar

Like the C form, the G form barre chord is hard to play on the guitar and rarely, if ever, used in its entirety. Don’t worry about being able to play it perfectly because more often than not, you break [more…]

Basics of the E Form on the Guitar

On the guitar, like the A form, the E form is a standard barre chord shape. You use it to form major chords for notes along the 6th string, as shown here. You can form it into some unique chord voicings [more…]

Basics of the D Form on the Guitar

On the guitar, the D form is unique in that it’s the only CAGED form that isn’t rooted to either the 6th or 5th string. Instead, its root is on the 4th string. This form is awkward to finger and technically [more…]

How to Play the Minor CAGED Forms on the Guitar

On the guitar, you can use the CAGED arpeggios to form minor chord arpeggios just as you can with major chord voicings. To do this, you lower all the 3rds in each arpeggio pattern to minor 3rds [more…]

How to Connect the Five Minor CAGED Forms

On the guitar, the five minor CAGED forms connect just as the five major ones do. Here is one example of how to connect the five minor forms, starting on a Cm form, Dm. Here, the whole minor arpeggio patterns [more…]

Basics of Major and Minor 7th chords on the Guitar

There’s more than one way to put together and play a 7th chord shape on the guitar. Here are a few m7 examples, namely variations on the open Em7 and Am7 forms. Expect to see these shapes used elsewhere [more…]

Basics of 2nds and 9ths on the Guitar

On the guitar, there are many types of chords that include 2nds and 9ths, but the three that you’re most likely to encounter are sus2, add9, and 9 chords. You start with the sus2 chord, a chord that has [more…]

Basics of 4ths and 11ths on the Guitar

By far the most common type of 4th chord that you encounter on the guitar is a sus4, where a 4th replaces the 3rd and a chord is stacked 1-4-5. On occasion, a 4th is added and the 3rd is retained, in which [more…]

How to Add Harmony with Pedal Point on the Guitar

On the guitar, a pedal point (also known as a pedal tone or just a pedal) in music is a sustained or repeated note that’s sounded against chord progressions and melodies. The term originates from organ [more…]

How to Draw Major Scale Chord Progressions on the Guitar

A chord progression is any series of chords used in a piece of music. For example, on the guitar the chord progression to “Wild Thing” by The Troggs is A-D-E-D. Chords can go together in all sorts of ways [more…]

How to Transpose to New Keys on the Guitar

After you memorize the G major chord pattern, you can instantly play the chords in any new key on the guitar simply by moving to a different position. For example, move the whole chord pattern up two frets [more…]

How to Play Common Chord Progressions on the Guitar

You use the numbered chord pattern to put together chord progressions on the guitar. This is where you get into playing by numbers. Songs can center on any number [more…]

How to Start Numbers on the 5th String on the Guitar

It’s easy to build a new chord pattern that starts on the 5th string of the guitar. The chords and scale degrees are still drawn from the major scale. The numbers stay the same, too. But the pattern looks [more…]

Basics of the Relationship between Major and Minor Scales on the Guitar

Every piece of music on the guitar has a tonal center called a tonic. The tonic is the primary pitch or chord that everything else revolves around. It’s where a piece of music sounds resolved or complete [more…]

Basics of Chord Tones and Extensions on the Guitar

Before you get started playing new types of chords on the guitar, some preliminary information about chord tones and extensions is necessary. You go beyond playing triad-based chords by adding in the degrees [more…]

How to Combine Harmonic Minor and Pentatonic on the Guitar

Raising the 7th in the minor scale creates whole new scale patterns for lead guitarists to learn on the guitar. Understanding this scale can help you better understand both melody and harmony. Knowing [more…]

How to Add Raised 7th to the Pentatonic on the Guitar

The best way to start using the harmonic minor scale in a pentatonic pattern on the guitar is to play over a simple minor chord progression, using a minor pentatonic pattern and adding a raised 7th over [more…]

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