Bones, Muscles & Joints

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The Gluteal Muscles

The hips and thighs can move in many different ways due to combinations of lots of muscles, from the muscles of the gluteal region to the muscles of the thigh. The gluteal muscles are located on your backside [more…]

The Thigh Muscles

The thigh muscles don’t just move your legs. They have a lot to do with how your hips move. In clinical anatomy the thigh muscles are divided into three groups: Anterior muscles extend your legs and flex [more…]

Clinical Anatomy: Cartilage in the Knee Joint

The knee joint is basically a hinge joint that lets you flex and extend the leg, although there is a small amount of gliding movement as well. Although it’s a large joint, it isn’t as stable as many other [more…]

Ligaments and Bursae of the Knee

Bones and cartilage make up the knee’s structure but without ligaments and bursae the knee would be unable to bend properly. Ligaments stabilize and strengthen the knee and bursae provide padding so the [more…]

Muscles That Move the Knee and Ankle

Most of the muscles that move the knee come from the hip and thigh, whereas most of the muscles of the leg actually move the ankle. Some of the muscles that flex and extend the hip also flex and extend [more…]

Bones in the Foot and Ankle

In some ways, the bones in your ankles and feet resemble the bones in your wrist and hand, but instead of carpals and metacarpals, you’ve got tarsals and metatarsals and phalanges in your toes. But your [more…]

Joints of the Ankle and Foot

Your feet and ankles need to be sturdy, but they also need to be agile enough to adapt to slipping off a curb or doing some fancy footwork on the tennis court. Good thing they have as many joints as they [more…]

Muscles that Move the Ankle and Foot

Many muscles do the work of moving the ankle and foot. Some of the muscles that move the foot start higher up in the leg, and smaller muscles work right in the foot itself. The leg is divided into compartments [more…]

Clinical Anatomy: The Bones of the Knee and Leg

The bones of the knee and the leg include the femur, which is the large thigh bone; the tibia and fibula, which are the leg bones between the knee and ankle; and the patella, which is sometimes called [more…]


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