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Equations for the Characteristics of Fiber-Optic Fibers

Besides imaging, fiber-optic networks are probably the largest application of optics. Fiber optics are very long, thin glass fibers that transfer information-bearing light from one place to another, but [more…]

Optics For Dummies Cheat Sheet

Optics covers the study of light. Three phenomena — reflection, refraction, and diffraction — help you predict where a ray or rays of light will go. Other important optics topics include interference, [more…]

Nanotechnology Terms to Know

The field of nanotechnology has produced lots of terms. Some describe nanotechnology applications, others are the names of various types of nano-sized materials, and still others describe processes that [more…]

Nanotechnology Timeline and Predictions

In just the past ten years, numerous developments have been made in nanotechnology. This timeline will help you understand the recent past, present, and future of nanotechnology. [more…]

Useful Nanotechnology Information Websites

Because nanotechnology is a constantly changing field, these five websites will prove invaluable while you try to keep up with the latest applications and developments. From nanotechnology news to nanotechnology [more…]

Nanotechnology For Dummies Cheat Sheet

Nanotechnology, which involves molecule-sized machines and processes, requires the study of many developments and applications in a variety of fields. To understand nanotechnology, become familiar with [more…]

Alternation of Generations in a Plant Life Cycle

During the life cycle of a plant, the plant alternates between two forms: the sporophyte generation and the gametophyte generation. So, a complete plant life cycle includes both generations. [more…]

Types of Plant Tissues

Plant tissues come in several forms: vascular, epidermal, ground, and meristematic. Each type of tissue consists of different types of cells, has different functions, and is located in different places [more…]

Parts of a Flower

Flowers can be unisexual, having only male or female parts, or bisexual, having both types of parts. The male parts of a flower make up the stamens. The entire whorl of stamens in the flower is called [more…]

Botany For Dummies Cheat Sheet

Botany is the study of plants. Plants are very similar to people in a lot of ways, but they also have some differences that can be hard to wrap your brain around. And, like any science class, botany can [more…]

Explore Space with the Star Walk App for iPad

A purely astronomy-oriented app, Star Walk brings the heavens straight down to your iPad. It has several features, but when you first open it, you'll be asked for your current location. Once you've given [more…]

What is Nanotechnology?

The scientific field of nanotechnology is still evolving, and there doesn’t seem to be one definition that everybody agrees on. It is known that nano deals with matter on a very small scale: larger than [more…]

The Evolution of Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology has been around as a recognized branch of science for only about fifty years, so it’s a baby compared to physics or biology. If you remember high school science, you know something about [more…]

Nanotechnology: Top Down or Bottom Up?

How our knowledge of nanoparticles should be used has been a subject of much debate. Nanotechnologists have offered two approaches for fabricating materials or manipulating devices using nanotechnology [more…]

The Pervasive Impact of Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology pulls in information from physics, chemistry, engineering, and biology to study and use materials at the nano level to achieve various results. It will have a significant impact on almost [more…]

Early History of Nanotechnology: 1930-1980

To really understand the big picture of nanotechnology, it is helpful to review the timeline of discoveries that brought us to the current understanding of the science. The history forms the foundation [more…]

Government Funding for Nanotechnology Research Labs

In the United States, the federal government provides significant funding for nanotechnology development through the National Nanotechnology Initiative [more…]

The Role of Companies in Nano Development

Many companies developing nanotechnology products have licensed techniques that were developed at universities or national labs. They take these techniques and work to develop products. They pay to put [more…]

What Can be Done with Nanotechnology Today?

Much of what people talk about doing with nanotechnology lies in the future. However, you can find many examples of nanotechnology making a difference today. [more…]

Nanotechnology Applications Under Development

While there are many applications of nanotechnology being used today, others are still in development and may become available in only a few years to a decade or so. [more…]

Speculation on Future Nanotechnology Applications

Even though much has been accomplished in developing nanotechnology applications, much more is still deemed possible. Three of the most fascinating examples — all in the speculative phase — are the space [more…]

Diamondoid: A Flawless Nanoparticle

While the name diamondoid may conjur thoughts of engagement rings and tennis bracelets, it is much more than the bling of the nanotechnology field. Diamondoid is projected to have a strength 50 times that [more…]

Nanotechnology Research Involving Iron and Iron Oxide Nanoparticles

Any material at the nanoscale is a nanoparticle. Nanoparticles are so small they contain just a few atoms to a few thousand atoms, as opposed to bulk materials that might contain billions of atoms. This [more…]

Platinum Nanoparticles to Prevent Air Pollution

Any material at the nanoscale is a nanoparticle. Nanotechnology research into the use of platinum nanoparticles shows promise for reducing the cost of using platinum in catalytic converters and other pollution [more…]

Nanotechnology Research into the Uses of Gold Nanoparticles

Nanotechnology researchers are looking into possibilities of using gold at the nanoscale to target drug deliveries, clean up the environment, and even treat persons suffering from hyperthermia. [more…]

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