Psychology

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Basics of Behavior Learning Theories in Psychology

All behavior is learned, whether it’s healthy or abnormal. Behavior therapy is based on the learning theories of psychologist Ivan Pavlov’s classical conditioning, B. F. Skinner’s operant conditioning, [more…]

Psychology: Basics of Intelligence Types

Sure, intelligence is a collection of cognitive abilities, but a unifying construct called “intelligence” that can be measured and quantified must exist, right? Psychologists have developed intelligence [more…]

Psychology: Basics of Memory

How does psychology define memory? Think of memory as a bank. Think about your checking account and your savings account. Each of these accounts does something a little different with your money because [more…]

Psychology: Individuals and Groups

Psychology is interested in the pressure a group places on their individual members. Sometimes groups have very clear and explicit rules that keep people in line; in other cases, the rules or pressures [more…]

Psychology: The Power of Love

Psychology recognizes the power of love and how good to be loved and to love someone else. There is even a psychological analysis of it. Elaine Hatfield and Richard Rapson, psychologists at the University [more…]

Psychologist Sigmund Freud’s Stages of Sexual Development

Psychologist Freud’s model of sexual development proposes a series of stages in which people grow and mature. The pleasure sought by your inborn instincts is focused on sexual desire and gratification, [more…]

Psychology: How to Build Your Personal Identity

Personal identity consists of the things that make you stand out in a crowd — for example your massive biceps and athletic prowess. According to psychologist Buss, the personal identity is comprised of [more…]

Psychologist Erik Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development

Psychologist Erikson viewed personality as a product of social interactions and the choices a person makes in life. He presented the ego “in development” as personal identity, shaped and molded by an individual’s [more…]

Psychology: The Basics of Family

In psychology a family consists of at least two people related by blood, marriage, or adoption. It seems like families have changed quite a bit over the last 20 years, including increasing numbers of single-parent [more…]

Psychology: The Basics of Altruism

A favorite topic among social psychologists is altruism,having concern for and helping other people without asking for anything in return. Maybe these psychologists study altruism with such zeal because [more…]

Psychology: The Basics of Depression

Sadness is a human emotion felt during experiences of loss. Psychologists define depression as an extreme form of sadness that includes specific symptoms. Being dumped by a boyfriend or a girlfriend at [more…]

Psychology’s Take on How to Make Decisions

People solve problems all day long and make hundreds, if not thousands, of decisions every day. In fact, psychology calls this mental exhaustion “decision fatigue” — simply having too many problems and [more…]

Medications Used to Treat Psychological Disorders

The use of medications in the treatment of psychological disorders (such as schizophrenia and major depressive disorder) gained significant prominence over the last half of the 20th century. Advances in [more…]

Understanding Attitudes in Social Psychology

An attitude is the value the person places on something, and Social Psychology researchers often refer to that ‘something’ as the attitude object. An attitude is an evaluation, at the simplest level, as [more…]

Using Social Psychology to Root Out Stereotypes

Not all stereotypes are bad: Social Psychology recognises that some can have value. However, when a stereotype leads to prejudice and discrimination, it’s time to expose its inaccuracy – and say [more…]

Learning the Rules of Attraction with Social Psychology

So what makes someone attractive? It’s a burning question, and while Social Psychology may not have the answer every time you hear a plaintive cry of ‘What does she see in HIM?’, it can offer some valuable [more…]

How Social Psychology Explains Why We Conform

No matter how urgently someone insists that they’re an individual, with their own unique way of looking at and experiencing the world, Social Psychology tell us that at a fundamental level, people want [more…]

Social Psychology For Dummies Cheat Sheet

Social Psychology uses the tools of science to understand why people behave as they do. Whether it’s why they are attracted to some people, but not others, why they are not convinced by an elegant political [more…]

Top 10 Tips for Meeting the In-Laws

In-laws, out-laws, whatever you want to call them, these are the people who might view you with suspicion, distrust, and outright resentment. These are the people who can make your life miserable or magnificent [more…]

Muscles and Your Mouth

Whether you’re pursing, pinching or pouting, sneering, snarling or snapping, your mouth’s muscles are hard at work conveying myriad messages without you uttering a word. If in doubt, consider the actresses [more…]

Connecting the Mind and the Body

What you think about yourself is true for you and becomes your reality. Whether intentional or not, your body’s movements reflect your self-beliefs. Your subtle and not-so-subtle facial expressions, gestures [more…]

Communicating Across Cultures

In a diversified world in which you frequently communicate with people from countries and cultures different from your own, anticipating and sidestepping nationalistic landmines is as vital a skill as [more…]

Building a Fit, Firm, and Flexible Body for Communication

A fit, firm, and flexible body enhances your ability to communicate with confidence and control. Below are a few exercises to help you improve your body’s ability to communicate your thoughts, feelings [more…]

Acting 'As If' to Become the Person You Want to Be

You don’t have to be an actor to act ‘as if’. You just have to act ‘as if’ you are. The more you act ‘as if’ you are that person, the more you become that person. [more…]

Managing Your Body Language When the Stakes Are High

An unconscious movement, an inadvertent gesture or an unwitting facial expression can give your game away faster than a speeding bullet. Below are a few tips for containing and controlling your body’s [more…]

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