Politics & Government

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Washington, D.C., History: Changing Population Demographics

Washington, D.C.,’s population grew steadily well into the 20th century, reaching a peak of 802,178 residents in 1950. But as Washington’s suburbs grew, the city’s population declined, hitting a low of [more…]

Introduction to the Washington, D.C., Establishment

Washington, D.C.,’s most precious resource is its inhabitants. After all, without the people who actually run the federal government and drive the policymaking process, Washington would be only a smallish [more…]

Federal Government Jobs in Washington, D.C.

Not all bureaucrats in Washington, D.C., are paper pushers. U.S. federal workers may be scientists, medical professionals, economists, mathematicians, negotiators, diplomats, lawyers, officers of the law [more…]

Career Officials versus Appointees in Washington, D.C.

The federal bureaucracy in Washington, D.C., is composed of people who have chosen to pursue a career in government, as well as political appointees who enter government to serve a particular presidential [more…]

How the Executive Office of the President in Washington, D.C., Works

In Washington, D.C., the Executive Office of the President (EOP) consists of the core White House staff plus several small agencies that are either very political, very powerful, or both. The EOP is headed [more…]

How the President’s Cabinet and Departments in Washington, D.C., Work

Excerpted from How Washington Actually Works For Dummies

The President’s Cabinet in Washington, D.C., includes the Vice President and the heads of 15 executive departments: the secretaries of Agriculture [more…]

Washington, D.C.: Non-Cabinet Agencies Serve Important Needs

In addition to the Washington, D.C., departments that make up the Cabinet, a rather large number of independent or semi-independent agencies and institutions are also a part of any administration. [more…]

How Washington, D.C., Lobbyists Exercise the Right to Petition

Essentially, lobbying is exercising the right to petition in Washington, D.C. Our Founding Fathers may have thrown British tea overboard, but they decided to keep something else British around: the right [more…]

Large Corporations as Washington, D.C., Lobbyists

We all know that companies lobby in Washington D.C. From Goldman Sachs on financial regulatory reform to Microsoft on online piracy laws to Lockheed Martin on defense appropriation, companies exercise [more…]

Trade Associations as Washington, D.C., Lobbyists

Often companies join together and lobby in Washington, D.C., under the banner of a trade association. Individual companies pool their money and channel their activities through trade associations for various [more…]

Washington, D.C., Lobbyists: Labor Unions and Issue-Oriented Organizations

Labor unions are major lobbyists in Washington, D.C. From the American Federation of Teachers to the Air Line Pilots Association, labor unions represent — what else? — the interests of their members. In [more…]

Interest Groups as Washington, D.C., Lobbyists

Don’t work for a company, belong to a professional organization, or care about polar bears? An organization is still probably in Washington, D.C., lobbying for you. One of the largest and most influential [more…]

The Role Played By Lobbying and Consulting Firms in Washington, D.C.

Some interest groups lobby Washington on their own; they have in-house staffers who trek up to Capitol Hill and federal agencies to interface directly with decision makers and their staff. Other interest [more…]

What is a Washington, D.C., Lobbyist?

In 1995, Congress passed the Lobbying Disclosure Act (LDA), which remains on the books in Washington, D.C. today. (It was the first effort to regulate lobbying since 1946.) According to the LDA, a lobbyist [more…]

Foreign Agents Can Be Washington, D.C., Lobbyists

A piece of legislation governing Washington, D.C., lobbyists is the Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA). Enacted in 1938, FARA requires persons acting as agents of [more…]

The Structure of the House in Washington, D.C.

The House of Representatives in Washington, D.C., has 435 members, each of whom serves only a two-year term. Someone must be at least 25 years old to run for a House seat. [more…]

Legislative Leaders in Washington, D.C.

Two of the most prominent legislators in Washington, D.C., are the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House. The Senate president’s seat is filled by the nation’s Vice President. The Speaker [more…]

How the Legislative Committee Process Works in Washington, D.C.

Both the Senate and House of Representatives in Washington, D.C., are structured by committee. Congressional committees are charged with gathering information, evaluating the options on certain issues, [more…]

How the Legislature Passes Bills in Washington, D.C.

The path of a bill from its introduction in one of the congressional chambers in Washington, D.C., to its arrival on the President’s desk can seem byzantine to an outsider. [more…]

What It Is Like to Work in the Legislature in Washington, D.C.

The U.S Capitol Complex is a major city employer, architectural landmark, tourist destination, and historical site in Washington, D.C. Most people recognize the U.S. Capitol because of its distinctive [more…]

Campaign Fundraising in Washington, D.C.

Congressional election law in Washington, D.C., is administered by the Federal Election Commission (FEC), which seeks to ensure that money is spent ethically and fairly across campaigns. Of course, it [more…]

How to Lobby Washington, D.C., via Social Media

Excerpted from How Washington Actually Works For Dummies

Increasingly, congressional offices in Washington, D.C., are using social media to help gather and disseminate information. They are mostly populated [more…]

How Think Tanks Influence Washington, D.C., Policy Debates

Think tank is an appropriately absurd term for an institution unique to Washington, D.C. For the uninitiated, the term likely conjures images of a magic thinking box or ideas factory, and that’s not too [more…]

How Think Tanks Represent Causes and Agendas in Washington, D.C.

Like all organizations, Washington, D.C., think tanks need financial support. Often, they are established by a wealthy and generous benefactor who wishes to advance a particular cause or political agenda [more…]

Revolving Doors between Washington, D.C., Public and Private Sectors

The term “revolving door” applies to former public servants who relocate to Washington D.C. think thanks, as well as congressmen and federal workers who move back and forth between government and the private [more…]

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