Basics Spanish Verbs

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Expressing Desire, Obligation, and Age with the Spanish Verb Tener

Tener is an extremely versatile Spanish verb. It works by itself the way other verbs do, but it also forms special verb structures to express age or a desire or obligation to take action. In short, you [more…]

Conjugating the Irregular Spanish Verb Ir (to Go)

Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like ir, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs [more…]

Using the Preterit Verb Tense in Spanish

The preterit tense in Spanish enables you to put the past behind you. This verb tense describes a completed past action — something that happened yesterday, last night, last week, last year, or at some [more…]

Acting in the Now with the Present Progressive in Spanish

What are you doing right now? You are reading about Spanish verbs. The verb phrase “are reading” uses the present progressive tense. The present progressive tense expresses an action that’s taking place [more…]

Spelling-Changing Spanish Verbs and Pronunciation

As a Spanish verb is conjugated, changes in its spelling may alter the way the word is pronounced, so additional spelling changes are necessary to ensure that the resulting pronunciation of the word matches [more…]

Forming the Future Tense in Spanish

Some people get anxious about the future because it’s unknown and uncertain. When you’re studying Spanish verbs, however, you may get anxious because you don’t know how to form the future tense or use [more…]

Choosing between Future Perfect and Conditional Perfect in Spanish

Conceptually speaking, the future and conditional perfect verb tenses in Spanish are similar — each tense expresses completed action in a future time. The similarities end there, however, because the future [more…]

Forming the Imperative Mood’s “Let’s” Command in Spanish

The let’s command is a less assertive form of the imperative mood in Spanish. You use the nosotros form in Spanish to suggest an activity to your friends or to a group of people [more…]

Conjugating the Spanish Verb Invitar (to Invite)

Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like invitar, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs [more…]

Creating Compound Verb Tenses in Spanish

Each simple tense of a Spanish verb has a corresponding compound tense — seven simple tenses, seven compound tenses. The compound tenses make actions perfect or complete. The compound tenses are: [more…]

Speculating with the Present Perfect Subjunctive in Spanish

The present perfect subjunctive is a compound verb tense that describes actions that may have happened. For example, you may have studied Spanish if your high school had offered it. That [more…]

Conjugating the Spanish Verb Ayudar (to Help)

Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like ayudar, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs [more…]

Conjugating the Spanish Verb Cambiar (to Change)

Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like cambiar, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs [more…]

Deciding between the Preterit and Imperfect Verb Tenses in Spanish

When you use past tense verbs in Spanish, you need to pick between the preterit and the imperfect tenses. Choosing the right verb tense is key for making your meaning clear. For example, when talking about [more…]

Making the Future Perfect Tense in Spanish

With the future perfect verb tense, you combine the future tense of the Spanish verb haber (to have) with the past participle of the main verb to express actions that [more…]

Pitting Present Subjunctive against Present Perfect Subjunctive in Spanish

When you’re trying to wrap your head around Spanish grammar, the subtle distinctions among verb tenses can make deciding which tense to use tough. Distinguishing between the present subjunctive and the [more…]

Giving Hazy Details in Spanish with the Imperfect Verb Tense

Nothing’s perfect in Spanish, not even verb tenses. The imperfect tense is vague and imprecise. That’s why it’s called imperfect. It describes continuous, ongoing, or habitual past action. [more…]

Wishing about the Past with the Spanish Pluperfect Subjunctive

Spanish uses the pluperfect subjunctive more than English does. If you’ve ever hoped or expected that something had happened, you probably hoped or expected in this verb tense and probably didn’t even [more…]

Conjugating the Spanish Verb Tocar (to Play an Instrument/Touch)

Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like tocar, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs [more…]

Spanish Idioms that Use Tener

Although the Spanish verb tener literally means “to have,” in some very commonly used Spanish idiomatic expressions, tener means “to be” or may have another, unexpected meaning. Be careful, when writing [more…]

When to Use the Spanish Pluperfect and Preterit Perfect Tenses

The pluperfect and preterit tenses in Spanish have identical translations in English. Go figure! So what’s the difference between the pluperfect and preterit tenses? The differences center less on conceptual [more…]

Making Excuses with the Conditional Perfect in Spanish

The conditional perfect is a Spanish verb tense you can’t live without. It enables you to provide excuses in Spanish for actions that would have taken place if certain conditions had existed. “I would [more…]

Conjugating the Spanish Verb Bajar (to Go Down)

Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like bajar, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs [more…]

Conjugating the Spanish Verb Haber (to Have)

Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. Haber(ah-bvehr) (to have) is used only with compound tenses. It serves as a helping verb that completes an action [more…]

Conjugating Regular Verbs in Spanish

Regular verbs in Spanish end in -ar, -er or -ir. To conjugate them, in the present tense, you take off those endings (-ar, -er or -ir) from the infinitive form and add any of the following endings to the [more…]

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