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French Grammar

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How to Use French Stress Pronouns in a Comparison

A stress pronoun in French expresses me (moi), you (toi), him (lui), and so on, to refer to people. It can’t be the subject of a verb, but it comes after a preposition like [more…]

How to Use French Superlatives with Adjectives

Pierre is not simply more intelligent than the other kids in his class, he is the most intelligent in the school(le plus intelligent de l’école). To express that someone [more…]

How to Describe French Superlatives with Adverbs and Quantities

To describe an action in superlative terms, French uses le plus or le moins followed by an adverb. (In superlatives with adverbs, the article is always [more…]

How to Use French Direct Object Pronouns

French has seven direct object pronouns (DOPs) — and three more when you count the forms with an apostrophe. Here are the direct object pronouns and their English equivalents. [more…]

How to Use French Indirect Object Pronouns

In the French sentence Nous parlons à nos parents(We talk to our parents), the preposition à(to) stands in the path of the verb object. Meet an indirect object! To replace those types of objects, you now [more…]

Use the French Pronoun y to Replace Prepositional Phrases

The French pronoun y replaces a prepositional phrase that indicates location, like dans le garage (in the garage). Such phrases begin with a preposition, like [more…]

French Expressions of Quantity with Numbers or de

The French pronoun en replaces phrases that indicate quantities (of things or people). Quantities can be expressed with numbers, expressions, indefinite articles, and partitive articles: [more…]

Use the French Pronoun En to Replace Prepositional Phrases

The French Pronoun en can be used to replace many prepositional phrases that begin with de (which means of, from, and more depending on the prepositional phrase). [more…]

How to Position French Pronouns in Sentences with Multiple Verbs

In French the pronoun precedes the verb most of the time. What should you do if a sentence has several verbs, as in Il aime regarder la télé (He likes to watch TV [more…]

How to Position French Pronouns in Sentence in the Passé Composé

In the passé composé (present perfect), what is considered the verb is the whole verb unit: auxiliary verb + past participle. For instance, in je suis allé [more…]

How to Position French Pronouns in Affirmative and Negative Commands

Commands are unusual verbal forms, because you don’t use the subject of the verbs in a command. The grammatical name for this conjugation is l’impératif [more…]

Position French Pronouns in Sentences That Need Two Pronouns

Sometimes you need to use two French pronouns in the same sentence, like to answer As-tu mis les livres sur le bureau?(Did you put the books on the desk? [more…]

Reinforce the Noun with French Stress Pronouns

A French stress pronoun replaces or emphasizes a human object. You can find it alone, after c’est (it is), or after a preposition. The beauty of this pronoun is that it’s [more…]

How Gerunds Compare in English and French

A gerund in English is easily recognizable by its -ingform. A French gerund is also easily recognizable: it’s an -ant verb form. This form by itself is called the [more…]

How to Form Present Participles in French

To create a French gerund, you need the present participle. Forming the present participle is easy for most verbs, regular and irregular. Take the nous [more…]

How to Create and Use Gerunds in French

The French gerund is used with the preposition en. It is equivalent to the English while + -ing, as in while eating (en mangeant); upon + -ing, as in upon arriving [more…]

Differentiate between Tense and Mood with French Verbs

If you’re familiar with the terms tense and mood of English verbs, then you shouldn’t have any trouble differentiating between the two with French verbs because they’re defined the same way. If you’re [more…]

Make Traveling Easier with French Verbs

Whether you’re studying French for academic pursuits or are just trying to brush up on the French you used to know, you may eventually plan a trip to a French-speaking country. If you do, the following [more…]

10 Common French Verb Traps

A nonnative speaker of French can mix up verbs or use them incorrectly in many ways. One such way is to translate everything literally and not decipher the nuances that the verb entails. [more…]

French Verbs to Use while Eating Out

Whether you’re eating something light at a local café or experiencing the art of fine dining, these five French verbs can help you speak French in any restaurant situation. [more…]

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