U.S. History

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Legislative Leaders in Washington, D.C.

Two of the most prominent legislators in Washington, D.C., are the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House. The Senate president’s seat is filled by the nation’s Vice President. The Speaker [more…]

How the Legislative Committee Process Works in Washington, D.C.

Both the Senate and House of Representatives in Washington, D.C., are structured by committee. Congressional committees are charged with gathering information, evaluating the options on certain issues, [more…]

How the Legislature Passes Bills in Washington, D.C.

The path of a bill from its introduction in one of the congressional chambers in Washington, D.C., to its arrival on the President’s desk can seem byzantine to an outsider. [more…]

What It Is Like to Work in the Legislature in Washington, D.C.

The U.S Capitol Complex is a major city employer, architectural landmark, tourist destination, and historical site in Washington, D.C. Most people recognize the U.S. Capitol because of its distinctive [more…]

Campaign Fundraising in Washington, D.C.

Congressional election law in Washington, D.C., is administered by the Federal Election Commission (FEC), which seeks to ensure that money is spent ethically and fairly across campaigns. Of course, it [more…]

How to Lobby Washington, D.C., via Social Media

Excerpted from How Washington Actually Works For Dummies

Increasingly, congressional offices in Washington, D.C., are using social media to help gather and disseminate information. They are mostly populated [more…]

How Think Tanks Influence Washington, D.C., Policy Debates

Think tank is an appropriately absurd term for an institution unique to Washington, D.C. For the uninitiated, the term likely conjures images of a magic thinking box or ideas factory, and that’s not too [more…]

How Think Tanks Represent Causes and Agendas in Washington, D.C.

Like all organizations, Washington, D.C., think tanks need financial support. Often, they are established by a wealthy and generous benefactor who wishes to advance a particular cause or political agenda [more…]

Revolving Doors between Washington, D.C., Public and Private Sectors

The term “revolving door” applies to former public servants who relocate to Washington D.C. think thanks, as well as congressmen and federal workers who move back and forth between government and the private [more…]

How Activists and NGOs Influence Policies in Washington, D.C.

Activists and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are important in the working of Washington, D.C. NGOs are essentially all entities outside of government, although most definitions usually exclude organizations [more…]

How Foreign Governments Influence Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., may be the capital of the United States, but you’re more likely than not to see the flag of a foreign government before you see the Stars and Stripes wafting in the breeze. Embassies [more…]

How Washington, D.C., Interacts with International Organizations

International organizations are institutions that exist among or above national governments, and they have a presence in Washington, D.C. They are established to address transnational problems and facilitate [more…]

How National, Local, and Foreign Media Outlets Work in Washington, D.C.

Press in Washington, D.C., is unavoidable. National media and many foreign media outlets have requisite Washington bureaus. The former includes The New York Times [more…]

How Specialist Media and 24-Hour News Outlets Work in Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., is host to a diverse array of specialist media outlets and 24-hour news oulets. Several of these specialist media outlets, including the [more…]

How Media Outlets Work in Cutthroat Washington, D.C.

How do the media actually operate in Washington, D.C.? What are their motivations and limitations? For starters, most (though certainly not all) media companies are for-profit enterprises, and as classifieds [more…]

How Media Outlets Influence Policy in Washington, D.C.

The media — here meaning both actual journalists and the general medium of communication — are an integral part of Washington, D.C., politics and the policymaking process. Politicians can rise or fall [more…]

How Congress Controls the Budget in Washington, D.C.

Congress exists to prevent the executive branch in Washington, D.C., from exercising total control over U.S. legislation. The primary job of Congress is money and the budget — a subject that, one way or [more…]

How Congress Oversees Executive Branch Functions in Washington, D.C.

A major Constitutional check on the executive branch in Washington, D.C. is congressional oversight: the power to investigate and oversee the executive branch, usually carried out by congressional committees [more…]

The Structure of the Senate in Washington, D.C.

The Senate in Washington, D.C., is composed of two elected officials from each state in the Union, so the Senate has 100 members. In the Senate, each state gets an equal vote: Wyoming and California each [more…]

How the Vice Presidency Works in Washington, D.C.

Fourteen men who gained the vice presidency in Washington, D.C., subsequently became president: nine due to the death or resignation of the president, and five by direct election. [more…]

How Policymaking Works in Washington, D.C.

Policy is not made in a vacuum. It isn’t generated fully formed in the secret laboratories of policy wonks plugging away in Washington, D.C., think tanks — at least not always. Nor is it restricted to [more…]

How the Policy Triangle in Washington, D.C., Works

Making policy in Washington, D.C., is a complicated process that’s often riddled by compromises, half-baked ideas, and haphazardness. While the sausage-making analogy is often used, a slightly more elegant [more…]

How Advocacy Influences Policy in Washington, D.C.

Lobbyists, think tanks, activists, diplomats, international organizations, and the media all have an influence on policy in Washington, D.C. A lone citizen picking up the telephone can impact policy, as [more…]

How to Distinguish Direct and Indirect Advocacy in Washington, D.C.

In the Washington, D.C., advocacy from interested parties has become part and parcel of how the government makes informed decisions. In fact, our government views input from outside sources and stakeholders [more…]

How to Effectively Advocate in Washington, D.C.

The aim of advocacy is to influence policy in Washington, D.C. There are several keys to building an effective advocacy message for your organization or cause: [more…]

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