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Recognizing the Many Faces of Art Forgeries

Art forgeries come in three general categories. One is the straight copy. The straight copy is just that — the forger copies exactly an existing artwork without making changes. The second is called a [more…]

Remembering What a Buck Could Buy in the 1960s

A dollar really went far in the 1960s — much farther than it does today. Before you get too nostalgic, remember that the median household income in 1967 was [more…]

Princess Diana's Death: Accident or Conspiracy?

On August 31, 1997, Diana, Princess of Wales, died after a high-speed car accident in the Pont d'Alma tunnel in Paris. Princess Diana was traveling with Dodi Al-Fayed [more…]

Viewing the Vietnam War in Three Ways

The Vietnam War is one of the most controversial and traumatic events in American history. In the 21st century, Americans still bitterly argue about the war. For instance, in the 2004 presidential election [more…]

Midway: Naval Aviation's Finest Moment in World War II

The admirals in both the American and Japanese navies had grown up believing that the decisive naval action in the Pacific would be one straight out of the age of sail — two big battle fleets fighting [more…]

Nostradamus and His Methods: Breaking Down the Predictions

Nostradamus didn't start out with the intention to write a book of poetry. Instead, he spent his nights in the attic in his home in Salon, France. This attic became the retreat where he studied his favorite [more…]

Placing Lewis and Clark in History

One of the ways that the Lewis and Clark journey stands out among all the other explorations of the Americas is the over one million words that Lewis and Clark wrote in their journals. Clark was the most [more…]

Americanizing the War in Vietnam

Because U.S. President Lyndon Johnson continued to expand U.S. support to South Vietnam, the U.S. military presence continued and took a more aggressive posture in 1964. The American advisory effort remained [more…]

Reacting to the Reformation: The Council of Trent

Alessandro Farnese became Pope Paul III in 1534 and immediately came face-to-face with the Protestant Reformation. At first sight, Paul looked pretty much like his predecessors: born into a rich Roman [more…]

Strategizing for Victory in Vietnam . . . Or at Least a Stalemate

When violence erupted in South Vietnam in the mid-1950s, the government under Ngo Dinh Diem initially faced an internal threat from VC guerrilla forces. [more…]

Tracking the "Noble Savage": Paul Gauguin

The bright colors and shocking contrasts of Paul Gauguin's paintings have amazed and perplexed artists and art lovers for over a century, and the story behind Gauguin's life and style is as interesting [more…]

Putting Socrates on Trial

The Greek philosopher Socrates was a pretty amazing example of a person living the search for wisdom. He himself did not leave any writings. He did his philosophizing orally, in the company of other people [more…]

Pueblo: Indian Villages

There was no single tribe called the Pueblo. The word Pueblo, Spanish for "village," is cultural and describes how some of the tribes in the Southwest lived. The Pueblos live mainly in Arizona, New Mexico [more…]

Seminole: The Unconquered People

The Seminole people are the descendants of many Southeastern tribes who joined together in Florida. The formation of this North American tribe occurred over many decades. There were several significant [more…]

Seven Steps to Reading Nostradamus

The most natural mistake people make when reading Nostradamus's predictions is trying to take in everything he wrote all at once. He was a very deep guy with a lot to say, so don't try to get your PhD [more…]

Developing Campaigns: The Art of War during the Civil War

Military commanders follow the principles of war to defeat an enemy in the best and quickest way possible. An army commander must first decide whether to conduct an offensive or defensive campaign. The [more…]

Geographical Expectations for Lewis and Clark

From the beginning of New World exploration, Europe's stubborn belief was that the world simply didn't have room for a continent between Europe and Asia. After they discovered that a continent did lie [more…]

Pope John Paul II's Inspiration: The Bible

John Paul II, like the popes before him, quoted the scripture, but he was second only to St. Peter himself in quoting the Bible. St. Peter was inspired to write an epistle of the New Testament. John Paul [more…]

Fighting Slavery with the Pen

At the beginning of the 19th century, many black abolitionists favored moderate and strategic action over violence to end slavery. Since white Americans outnumbered black Americans, violence just wasn't [more…]

Pope John Paul II Brings the Vatican Online

In 1995, Sister Judith Zoebelein, a Franciscan Sister of the Eucharist, was asked to create a Web site for the Holy See. Archbishop Foley of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications had already [more…]

Weathering Iraq's Stormy Romance with the West

With some imagination, you may view Jordan as a success story of European meddling. During World War I, the British instigated the Arab Hashemite Bedouin clan of the Arabian Peninsula to revolt and throw [more…]

Ushering in Racial Freedom in the U.S.

While the civil rights movement began in the 1950s, it reached full steam in the 1960s, marked by several new tactics that proved effective in breaking down discrimination. [more…]

Generals McClellan and Bragg: Civil War Washouts

Bad generals are dangerous. When they make poor decisions, people get killed. Every war has its successful and unsuccessful generals, but Confederate General Bragg and Union General McClellan were the [more…]

Napoleon: Basking in the Glow of Glory

When the 28-year-old General Napoleon Bonaparte returned to Paris in early December 1797, it must have seemed like he had the entire world at his feet. In a very short period of time, he had saved his [more…]

Navajo: A Language and People

The Navajo Nation is the second-largest tribal group in the United States. Their name for themselves is Ni'hookaa Diyan Diné, which translates as "Lords of the Earth [more…]


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