Cheat Sheet

Windows Server 2003 For Dummies

From Windows Server 2003 For Dummies by Ed Tittel, James M. Stewart

A few commands in Windows Server 2003 can monitor, configure, and troubleshoot your network. These functions can access programs through the administrative tools; use TCP/IP commands for internet-based issues; and apply net commands for NetBios networking functions.

Windows Server 2003 Administrative Tools

In Windows Server 2003, the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) hosts tools called MMC snap-ins. You can access these Windows Server 2003 administrative tools by either

  • Using the Start→Administrative Tools menu

  • Typing the name of the launch file in the Run dialog box (Start→Run)

    Name Launch file Function
    Active Directory Domains and Trusts domain.msc Manages trusts between domains
    Active Directory Sites and Services dssite.msc Manages sites involved in Active Directory replication
    Active Directory Users and Computers dsa.msc Manages users, groups, computers, and other objects
    Component Services comexp.msc Manages COM+ applications
    Computer Management compmgmt.msc /s Starts and stops services, manages disks, and provides access to other computer management tools for local and remote administration
    Data Sources (ODBC) odbcad32.exe Manages ODBC drivers and data sources
    DHCP dhcpmgmt.msc /s Manages DHCP, which assigns TCP/IP settings to clients
    Disk Defragmenter dfrg.msc Starts the Disk Defragmenter utility
    Distributed File System dfscmd Manages DFS, which creates a single shared hierarchy of resources from multiple hosts
    DNS dnsmgmt.msc /s Manages DNS, which resolves host names into IP addresses
    Event Viewer eventvwr.msc /s Accesses various log files under Windows Server
    Internet Services Manager mmc.exe H:\W2KSVR\ System32\inetsrv\iis.msc Manages Web and FTP Internet services
    Licensing llsmgr.exe Manages licenses and client use
    Performance perfmon.msc /s Monitors the performance of a system or network
    Routing and Remote Access rrasmgmt.msc /s Manages remote connections and routing activities
    Terminal Services Licensing licmgr.exe Manages client access to terminal services

Important TCP/IP Command-Line Utilities in Windows Server 2003

When you attach to the Internet, building a TCP/IP toolkit will help you troubleshoot if you run into network problems. Windows Server 2003 includes a collection of utilities to help you perform some useful functions. The Help String column in the following table shows how to get online help for syntax details on each command.

Name Help String Function
ARP arp /h Displays and modifies the address translation table maintained by the TCP/IP Address Resolution Protocol
IPCONFIG ipconfig /? Displays all current TCP/IP network configuration data
NETSTART netstart /? Displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP network connections
NSLOOKUP Nslookup Displays information about known DNS servers
PING Ping Verifies connections to local or remote computers (Ping stands for Packet InterNet Groper, an excellent IP troubleshooting tool)
ROUTE Route Displays and manipulates network routing tables
TRACERT Tracert Displays the route from your machine to a specified destination

Important Windows Server 2003 Net Commands

In Windows Server 2003, each of the command-line utilities (shown in the table) performs a useful NetBIOS networking function. For help on a specific Net command, enter either Net Help or Net Help <command>.

Name Function
Net accounts Manage user accounts through a command-line tool
Net computer Add or delete computers in a domain database
Net help Access all Net command help files
Net helpmsg Explain Windows Net error messages
Net print View or control print jobs
Net send Send messages to other computers or users on a network
Net share Display, create, or delete network shares
Net use Connect or disconnect a computer from a share by name
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