What You Should Know about English Language Arts Common Core Standard 10

English Language Arts Common Core Standard 10: Range, Quality, and Complexity serves as a bookend for the reading and writing skills developed in kindergarten through Grade 12. While striving to attain the reading and writing standards, students encounter and make use of a significant number of texts. To ensure the use of proper texts, Standard 10 draws attention to complexity, quality, and types of texts used across grade levels.

Standard 10 sets the following guidelines for text selection:

  • Range: Various forms of fictional literature and informational text are to be used across grade levels. Because fictional and informational texts play an important role, the standards offer guidance on the types of texts in each category that are appropriate for use. In fictional literature, this includes poetry, short stories, and novels. For informational text, charts, maps, autobiographies and biographies, and speeches are examples of recommended sources.

  • Quality: Consult the standards for guidance on texts that reflect appropriate readings. Although the decision about what students will read is ultimately up to teachers, schools, and districts, the standards include recommendations for texts that are representative of the quality of reading materials appropriate for each grade level. You’ll find these very helpful as you look for ways to support and enhance your child’s reading skills.

  • Complexity: Texts should reflect an appropriate complexity for the subject and the reader. Students struggle to read for information when a text is too complex. Text complexity is measured by several factors, including the Lexile level (quantitative measurement that scores a text based on the complexity of the language and sentence structure). The standards give guidance on appropriate levels of text complexity for certain grades, subjects, and ability levels.

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