What Superannuation Means in Australia
Part of the Tax for Australians For Dummies Cheat Sheet
Superannuation is a scheme to help you fund your retirement. Monies invested can't be accessed until you satisfy a condition of release, such as when you retire. Some of the Australian superannuation rules are covered here:
Super Government Co-Contribution Scheme. To qualify for this government freebie:
Your assessable income must be less than $34,488, for a maximum benefit of $500 for 2014–15 tax year.
If your assessable income is more than $49,488, you can't qualify.
Concessional contributions are tax deductible:
For the 2014–15 tax year the maximum concessional contributions that qualify for a tax deduction depend on whether you're 49 years or over on 30 June 2014.
If you're not aged 49 years or over on 30 June 2014, concessional contributions up to $30,000 are tax deductible, and if you're 49 years or over on 30 June 2014, concessional contributions up to $35,000 are tax deductible.
(Note: From 1 July 2012 if you earn more than $300,000 and you make a concessional contribution, the rate of tax payable on this contribution increases from 15 per cent to 30 per cent.)
Non-concessional contributions don't qualify for a tax deduction:
If you're under 65 years, you can contribute a maximum of $180,000 a year or $540,000 over three years (known as the 'bring forward' option).
If you're 65–74 years, you can contribute a maximum of $180,000 and you must satisfy an employment test.
Pensions from most super funds are taxed as follows:
If you're 55–59 years and receive a superannuation pension, your pension is taxed at your marginal rates plus the Medicare levy, minus 15 per cent tax offset.
If you're 60 years and above and receive a superannuation pension, your pension is tax free.