How to Antidifferentiate Any Polynomial Using the Sum, Constant Multiple, and Power Rules
How to Integrate a Function Multiplied by a Set of Nested Functions
Setting Up Partial Fractions When You Have Distinct Factors

Understanding What Makes a Function Integrable

When mathematicians discuss whether a function is integrable, they aren’t talking about the difficulty of computing that integral — or even whether a method has been discovered. Each year, mathematicians find new ways to integrate classes of functions. However, this fact doesn’t mean that previously nonintegrable functions are now integrable.

Similarly, a function’s integrability also doesn’t hinge on whether its integral can be easily represented as another function, without resorting to infinite series.

In fact, when mathematicians say that a function is integrable, they mean only that the integral is well defined — that is, that the integral makes mathematical sense.

In practical terms, integrability hinges on continuity: If a function is continuous on a given interval, it’s integrable on that interval. Additionally, if a function has only a finite number of some kinds of discontinuities on an interval, it’s also integrable on that interval.

Many functions — such as those with discontinuities, sharp turns, and vertical slopes — are nondifferentiable. Discontinuous functions are also nondifferentiable. However, functions with sharp turns and vertical slopes are integrable.

For example, the function y = |x| contains a sharp point at x = 0, so the function is nondifferentiable at this point. However, the same function is integrable for all values of x. This is just one of infinitely many examples of a function that’s integrable but not differentiable in the entire set of real numbers.

So, surprisingly, the set of differentiable functions is actually a subset of the set of integrable functions. In practice, however, computing the integral of most functions is more difficult than computing the derivative.

  • Add a Comment
  • Print
  • Share
blog comments powered by Disqus
Integrate a Function Using the Secant Case
Use a Shortcut for Integrating Compositions of Functions
How to Integrate Even Powers of Secants with Tangents
Using Identities to Express a Trigonometry Function as a Pair of Functions
Substituting with Expressions of the Form f(x) Multiplied by g(x)
Advertisement

Inside Dummies.com