Verb tense conveys when the action you’re describing took place — the past, present or future. Here’s a list of the grammatical terms for different verb tenses.     

  • Simple present tense: Tells what is happening now.

  • Simple past tense: Tells what happened before now.

  • Simple future: Talks about what has not happened yet.

  • Present perfect tense: Expresses an action or state of being in the present that has some connection with the past.

  • Past perfect tense: Places an event before another event in the past.

  • Future perfect tense: Talks about something that has not happened yet in relation to another event in the future.

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English Grammar For Dummies Cheat Sheet (Australia/New Zealand Edition)

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