The Three-Stage Framework of a Helping Encounter
Part of the Counselling Skills For Dummies Cheat Sheet
Use the three-stage model to manage each helping encounter in a counseling session. Be clear about the time you have available and that you structure the time into three sections:
Stage 1: Exploration. This stage takes at least a quarter of the time in single or early sessions of a series because it includes getting-to-know-you time, and time to establish trust. Exploration may take less time later in the helping relationship.
Stage 2: Understanding. This usually takes half of the time of the encounter.
Stage 3: Action. Around a quarter of the time is given over to deciding what action to take after the session.