The Historical Periods of Scotland

Part of the Scottish History For Dummies Cheat Sheet

History is divided by historians into a number of distinct, named periods. Here is a rundown of some highlights of different periods of Scottish history.

Ancient Scotland

  • Neolithic Scotland: c.12,000 BC to c. 2,750 BC

  • The Beaker people and the Bronze Age: c. 2,750 BC to 750 BC

  • The Iron Age and La Tène culture: c. 750 BC to 43 AD

  • Roman Britain: 43 AD to 410 AD

  • The spread of Christianity: c. 400 to c. 600

The Middle Ages

  • The first of the Viking Raids: c. 795 to c. 825

  • The disappearance of the Picts: c. 843

  • The MacAlpin Dynasty: c. 843 to 1290

  • The spread of feudalism: c. 1050 to 1150

  • The Wars of Independence: 1296 to 1357

Early Modern Scotland

  • The Scottish Reformation: 1560

  • The Union of Crowns: 1603

  • The National Covenant: 1638

  • The Wars of the Three Kingdoms: 1638 to 1688

  • The Union of Parliaments: 1707

The Modern Age

  • Jacobite Rebellions: 1689 to 1745

  • Industrialization: c. 1750 to 1850

  • The Highland Clearances: c. 1780 to 1854

  • The Great War: 1914 to 1918

  • The Second World War: 1939 to 1945

  • The Restoration of the Scottish Parliament: 1999

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Scottish History For Dummies Cheat Sheet

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