Schedule K-1 for Estates and Trusts: Deductions and Credits
Schedule K-1 gives the income beneficiary all the other tax attributes that can pass through the trust or estate to the beneficiary. These may include directly apportioned, estate tax and final-year deductions, and credits for estimated taxes and backup withholding.
Schedule K-1 Deductions
Except for in the last year of an estate or trust, a Schedule K-1 rarely shows any deductions that the beneficiary can use on his or her tax return to reduce the trust’s or estate’s taxable income. Still, it can happen, so here are a few you may see:
Directly apportioned deductions: If the trust or estate is passing out depreciation, depletion or amortization deductions, you place these numbers on line 9.
Estate tax deduction: If estate tax has already been paid on a portion of the income earned by the trust or estate, you’re entitled to an income tax deduction equal to the estate taxes paid on that income. Place each beneficiary’s share of an estate tax deduction on Schedule K-1, line 10.
Final-year deductions: Often, you wrap up an estate or trust with many final fees but not much in the way of income to offset them. If you have more fees than income in the final year of a trust or estate, you may give them to the beneficiaries on line 11 of Schedule K-1.
Short- or long-term capital loss carryovers also belong here, as well as net operating loss carryovers, calculated both for regular tax computations, and for the alternative minimum tax.
Schedule K-1 Credits
Credits don’t appear frequently on Schedule K-1. But that doesn’t mean they’re not available. The back of Schedule K-1 has a list of credits a trust or estate may pass through to its income beneficiaries. Here are the two most common:
Credit for estimated taxes: If you made the Form 1041-T election by checking Part I, Box D, place this beneficiary’s share of estimated taxes on line 13.
Credit for backup withholding: A beneficiary sometimes gets into trouble with the IRS for failing to pay his or her taxes. If that happens, you’ll receive a letter from the IRS instructing you to withhold income taxes on any distributions to that beneficiary. If the trust or estate must withhold on distributions, place the amount that you’ve withheld and sent to the IRS on line 13.