Cheat Sheet

Reptiles & Amphibians For Dummies

From Reptiles and Amphibians For Dummies by Patricia Bartlett

Reptiles and amphibians make unique pets. They have few emotional demands, but they do have precise physical needs. And because pet reptiles and amphibians are in cages and can't seek food on their own, they depend on you for the right nourishment. Some reptiles and amphibians have considerably long lives, so be prepared for that. (Reptiles and amphibians are also known as herps, from herpetology — the study of reptiles and amphibians.)

Factors to Consider before Buying a Reptile or Amphibian

Do your homework before buying a reptile or amphibian. Consider the following: Do you have the time and money to feed and care for it? Do you have allergies? Reptiles and amphibians are low-risk, allergy-wise, but not risk-free. Will children be around the pet (some herps are poisonous)?

Probably the best-known herp disease risk is salmonella, which reptiles and amphibians carry on the body. If you handle a herp and then eat something straight from your hand, touch your lips, or kiss someone on the lips, you risk infecting yourself or that person. To prevent spreading salmonella, simply wash your hands after handling your herp to minimize any risk of salmonella infection.

Other safety considerations when purchasing a herp include his temperament, his response to humans, and whether he's likely to escape from his cage:

Safety factor Turtle Snake Lizard Frog Salamander
Speed of movement Slow Fast Fast Fast Slow
Ability to escape caging Low High Medium Medium Low
Calmness of temperament Calm Medium Medium Nervous Calm
Positive response to humans High Neutral Medium Neutral Neutral

What to Feed Reptiles and Amphibians

Before you bring home a reptile or amphibian, consider the kind of food you're willing to feed it. The food preferences of reptiles and amphibians fall into three general groups: carnivores, herbivores, and omnivores. So if you'd feel squeamish about feeding a rabbit to a snake, then don't get a python.

Foods for Herbivorous Herps
Alfalfa Escarole Papaya
Apple Grated root crops (such as carrots and beets) Peaches
Avocado Grated or chopped yellow or zucchini squash Pear
Berries Greens (turnip, collard, mustard, beet) Romaine lettuce
Bok choy Hibiscus blooms and leaves Rose petals
Broccoli stems and leaves Melons Squash (chopped)
Cabbage (dark green) Nasturtium Tofu
Dandelions Okra Tomato


Foods for Carnivorous Herps
Chicken (bite-sized cooked cubes) Mealworms
Cockroaches (giant or hissing) Mice or rats
Crickets Prepared reptile carnivore diet (canned or frozen)
Earthworms Rats
Locusts Waxworms

Typical Life Spans for Pet Reptiles and Amphibians

Some pet reptiles and amphibians are long-lived — you might need to provide for them in your will! Here are a few average life spans for some typical pet reptiles and amphibians:

  • Tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum): 10 to 25 years

  • Two-toed amphiuma (Amphiuma means): 14 to 24 years

  • Barking treefrog (Hyla gratiosa): 7 years

  • Boa constrictor (Boa constrictor contrictor): 38 years

  • Rainbow boa (Epicrates cenchia cenchia): 10 years

  • Corn snake (Elaphe guttata guttata): 21 years

  • Reeve's turtle (Chinemys reevsi): 24 years

  • Helmeted turtles (Pelomedusa subrufa subrufa): 16 years

  • Leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius): 20 years

  • Green anole (Anolis carolinensis): 7 years

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