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Cheat Sheet

OS X Mavericks All-in-One For Dummies

From OS X Mavericks All-in-One For Dummies by Mark L. Chambers

OS X Mavericks power users have a number of handy tools for controlling a Macintosh efficiently and for maintaining the operating system. Although the mouse or trackpad is your primary means of controlling OS X, Mavericks also recognizes a slew of keyboard shortcuts for Finder. Most of these shortcuts involve using modifier keys such as Command, Control, and Option, which carry their own symbols. Mac owners should also follow a regular maintenance schedule to keep Mavericks running trouble-free.

OS X Mavericks: Finder Keyboard Shortcuts

As you probably know, Finder is the foundation that performs most of the important functions in OS X Mavericks, including displaying windows, copying and moving files, and launching applications. What you may not know, though, is that lots of Finder keyboard shortcuts are available so you can perform tasks more efficiently (especially if you're a Mac power user).

Key Function
Command+A Selects all items in the active window (icon view), all items in the column (column view), or all items in the list (cover flow view)
Command+C Copies the selected items
Command+D Duplicates the selected item or items
Command+E Ejects the selected volume
Command+F Displays the Find dialog
Command+H Hides All Finder windows
Command+I Shows info for the selected item or items
Command+J Shows the view options for the active window
Command+K Displays the Connect to Server dialog
Command+L Creates an alias for the selected item
Command+M Minimizes the active window
Command+N Opens a new Finder window
Command+O Opens (or launches) the selected item
Command+R Shows the original for the selected alias
Command+T Adds the selected item to the sidebar
Command+V Pastes items from the Clipboard
Command+W Closes the active window
Command+X Cuts the selected items
Command+Z Undoes the last action (if possible)
Command+, Displays Finder Preferences
Command+1 Shows the active window in icon mode
Command+2 Shows the active window in list mode
Command+3 Shows the active window in column mode
Command+4 Shows the active window in cover flow mode
Command+[ Moves back to the previous Finder location
Command+] Moves forward to the next Finder location
Command+Del Moves selected items to the Trash
Command+Up Arrow Shows the enclosing folder
Command+` Cycles through windows
Command+? Displays OS X Help Viewer
Command+Shift+A Goes to your Applications folder
Command+Shift+C Goes to the top-level Computer location
Command+Shift+G Goes to the specified folder
Command+Shift+H Goes to your Home folder
Command+Shift+Q Logs you out
Command+Shift+N Creates a new untitled folder in the active window
Command+Shift+U Goes to your Utilities folder
Command+Shift+Del Deletes the contents of the Trash
Command+Option+H Hides all windows except the Finder's window(s)
Command+Option+I Opens the Inspector for the selected items
Command+Option+N Creates a new Smart folder
Command+Option+T Hides the Finder window toolbar and sidebar
Command+Option+Space Opens the Spotlight window
Command+Space Opens the Spotlight menu
Control+Up Arrow (or F3, depending on your keyboard model) Displays the Mission Control screen
Control+Down Arrow (or Control+F3, depending on your keyboard model) Shows all open windows for the current application using Mission Control
F11 (or Command+F3, depending on your keyboard model) Hides all windows to display the Desktop using Mission Control
F12 (or F4, depending on your keyboard model) Displays your Dashboard widgets
Space Displays the contents of a file using Quick Look

Strange-Looking Keys on the Mac Keyboard

If you're new to the Macintosh world, you might find the look of the Mac keyboard a bit mystifying. You'll see unusual symbols on modifier keys, which allow you an even wider range of possible commands than you'd find on a PC keyboard, leading to greater efficiency in your applications. To become a Mac power user, you need to know these modifier keys found on both MacBook and Mac desktop keyboards:

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OS X Mavericks Maintenance Checklist

Perform regular maintenance tasks in OS X Mavericks to keep your Mac running fast and smooth. You probably already know about some of the items that show up in this table (for example, backing up regularly). Unfortunately, some other maintenance tasks don't get as much attention but play a vital part in keeping your Mac in tip-top condition for as long as possible. So check this table often, or print it and keep a copy near your Mac!

TaskSchedule
Check for updates with Software Update Automatic setting
Back up with Time Machine Automatic
Defragment (Micromat TechTool Pro or Prosoft Engineering Drive Genius 3) Once a month
Repair Disk Permissions (Disk Utility) Once a week
Delete unnecessary user accounts (System Preferences) As necessary
Scan for viruses (Intego VirusBarrier 2013, ClamXav 2) Automatic
Check all volumes for errors (Disk Utility or Prosoft Engineering Drive Genius 3) Once a week
Check for the latest drivers for your hardware Once a month (or after installing new hardware)
Delete temporary Internet cache files (Prosoft Engineering Drive Genius 3) Once a month
 
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