Mac OS X Snow Leopard Server For Dummies
Snow Leopard Server packs a lot of punch in a small package. There’s a lot to keep track of, even when you have Mac OS X Snow Leopard Server For Dummies at hand. Here’s a handy reference for some of the things you need to know while installing, configuring, and managing your server.
Key Snow Leopard Server Information to Save
The Mac OS X Server Installation & Setup Worksheet that comes with Snow Leopard software has space for information regarding every possible configuration, but it's really long. Here’s the core information that everyone should have written down somewhere, both before and after you install:
Hardware numbers of the server Mac: Serial number and MAC address (also called Ethernet ID).
Administrator account info: Your short username, your password, and the domain name that you use during installation.
Internet connection information: Router’s IP address, the IP range of your subnet, and the subnet mask; PPPoE account and password if your server is connecting directly (not through a router) to your Internet service provider.
Server’s static IP address: Record for each Ethernet port.
Server’s hostname: This is what you enter during installation.
Methods to Remotely Log In to a Snow Leopard Server
The Mac OS X Snow Leopard Server provides several different ways to log on and manage the server from another computer, including from Windows and Linux computers. With all these methods, there’s nothing to install on Mac OS X Server:
Secure Shell (SSH) command line connection from any computer.
Server Preferences from a Mac OS X 10.6 computer.
Server Admin or Workgroup Manager from a Mac OS X 10.6 computer.
Remote control with VNC-compatible software from any computer.
Remote control with Apple Remote Desktop from a Mac running Mac OS X 10.4.11 or later.
Common Port Numbers for Snow Leopard Server Services
Mac OS X Snow Leopard Server’s unique services have some unique port numbers. Here are some of the more common default port numbers for configuring firewalls and router port-forwarding.
|AFP (Apple file service )||548||TCP|
|Apple Remote Desktop (Remote Management)||3283, 5900||TCP, UDP|
|HTTP (Web service)||80 or 8080||TCP|
|HTTPS (secure Web service via SSL)||443||TCP|
|iCal Server using SSL (Secure Sockets Layer)||8443||TCP|
|iChat Server’s file transfer proxy||7777||TCP|
|iChat Server, server-to-server connection||5269||TCP|
|iChat Server using SSL||5223||TCP|
|Mail: IMAP using SSL||993||TCP|
|Mail: POP3||110||TCP, UDP|
|Mail: POP3 using SSL||995||TCP, UDP|
|Mail: SMTP legacy SSL submission||465||TCP|
|Mail: SMTP standard||25||TCP, UDP|
|Mail: SMTP submission||587||TCP|
|SMB/CIFS (Windows file service)||161||TCP|
|SSH (Secure Shell) remote connection||22||TCP, UDP|
Snow Leopard Server Keyboard Tips for Windows Users
There are several keyboard and mouse actions that you use frequently in Snow Leopard Server’s administration tools. Mac users may be familiar with these techniques, but they may be new to Windows users:
Make multiple selections in a list:
Shift-click lets you select a range of items at once. Click an item to select it and then Shift-click another item; all the items in between will be selected.
Command-click lets you add items to those you selected, in any order.
To right-click, hold down Control while clicking. Or, use a mouse with two or more buttons. On a Mac notebook, click the trackpad with two fingers to right-click.
When you close the window in Server Preferences and System Preferences, the application quits. However, closing windows doesn’t quit the app for Server Admin, Workgroup Manager, and iCal Server Utility (and any application that can have more than one window open). Use Command-Q to quit these applications.
System Preferences is the equivalent of the Windows Control Panel. It holds settings (such as IP addresses) for the individual machine hosting the server. Server Preferences is for configuring and managing services and user accounts.