Logic Pro X: 3 Sound-Mixing Tips
Part of the Logic Pro X For Dummies Cheat Sheet
Mixing is the art of balancing tracks and manipulating sound to achieve a cohesive listening experience. Fundamental rules of audio may apply to mixing, but the subjective tastes of you and your listeners ultimately decide whether a mix is a great experience.
You can quickly get good at mixing if you follow this advice:
Don't clip the audio signal. Your level meters should never reach 0 dBFS, the digital audio limit. To give yourself plenty of headroom, pretend that -6 dBFS (or even -12 or -18) is 0 dBFS. Lowering the levels 6-18 dB will improve the sound quality and your workflow.
Mix at different volume levels. Mix at low volume levels to focus on the balance of the midrange frequencies (roughly, between 250 Hz and 8 kHz). Mix at moderate volume levels to focus on low frequencies (up to around 250 Hz) and upper frequencies (above 8 kHz). Avoid prolonged exposure to loud music to protect yourself from hearing loss.
Master your mix separately. Mastering is the process of fine-tuning the mix as a whole and boosting the volume to competitive levels. Mastering occurs after your mix is complete.
When you can, have your final mixes mastered by a fresh set of ears. Good mastering engineers are like the four-star chefs of audio; they can provide just the right amount of seasoning and high-quality ingredients to your project.