Many Linux distributions provide a number of tools to simplify network configuration and connectivity verification. The following tools work with every distribution and allow you to administer your network from the command line:

  • ping: Checks network connectivity

  • ifconfig: Displays the configuration for a network interface

  • traceroute: Shows the path taken to reach a host

  • route: Displays the routing table and/or lets you configure it

  • arp: Shows the address resolution table and/or lets you configure it

  • netstat: Displays the status of the network