Learn German: Near Cognates

Many words, like the ones shown in this table, are spelled almost the same in German as in English and have the same meaning. The table also shows you a few common German spelling conventions:

  • The English c is a k in most German words.

  • The ou in English words like house or mouse is often equivalent to au in German words.

  • Many English adjectives ending in -ic or -ical have an -isch ending in German.

  • Some English adjectives ending in -y are spelled with -ig in German.

  • Some English nouns ending in -y have an -ie ending in German.

  • Some English nouns ending in -ly have a -lich ending in German.

Words Similar in Meaning but     Slightly Different in Spelling
German English
die Adresse (dee ah-drês-e) address
der Aspekt (dêr âs-pêkt) aspect
der Bär (dêr bear [as in English]) bear
blond (blont) blond(e)
die Bluse (dee blooh-ze) blouse
braun (brown [as in English]) brown
die Demokratie (dee dê-moh-krâ-tee) democracy
direkt (di-rêkt) direct
der Doktor (dêr dok-tohr) doctor
exakt (êx-âkt) exact
exzellent (êx-tsel-ênt) excellent
fantastisch (fân-tâs-tish) fantastic
der Fisch (dêr fish) fish
das Glas (dâs glahs) glass
das Haus (dâs hous) house
hungrig (hoong-riH) hungry
indirekt (in-di-rêkt) indirect
die Industrie (dee in-dooh-stree) industry
die Infektion (dee in-fêk-tsee-ohn) infection
das Insekt (dâs in-zêkt) insect
der Kaffee (dêr kâf-ey) coffee
das Knie (dâs knee) knee
die Komödie (dee koh-mer-dee-e) comedy
die Kondition (dee kon-di-tsee-ohn) condition
konservativ (kon-sêr-vâ-teef) conservative
der Kontinent (dêr kon-ti-nênt) continent
das Konzert (dâs kon-tsêrt) concert
die Kultur (dee kool-toohr) culture
logisch (loh-gish) logical
das Mandat (dâs mân-daht) mandate
der Mann (dêr mân) man
die Maschine (dee mâ-sheen-e) machine
die Maus (dee mouse [as in English]) mouse
die Methode (dee mê-toh-de) method
die Mobilität (dee moh-bi-li-tait) mobility
die Musik (dee mooh-zeek) music
die Nationalität (dee nât-see-oh-nahl-i-tait) nationality
die Natur (dee nâ-toohr) nature
offiziell (oh-fits-ee-êl) official (adjective)
der Ozean (dêr oh-tsê-ân) ocean
das Papier (dâs pâ-peer) paper
das Parlament (dâs pâr-lâ-mênt) parliament
perfekt (pêr-fêkt) perfect
politisch (poh-li-tish) political
potenziell (po-tên-tsee-êl) potential (adjective)
praktisch (prâk-tish) practical
das Programm (dâs proh-grâm) program
das Salz (dâs zâlts) salt
der Scheck (dêr shêk) check (bank or traveler’s)
sonnig (zon-iH) sunny
der Supermarkt (dêr zooh-pêr-mârkt) supermarket
das Telefon (dâs -le-fohn) telephone
die Theorie (dee tey-ohr-ee) theory
die Tragödie (dee trâ-ger-dee-e) tragedy
die Walnuss (dee vahl-noohs) walnut
blog comments powered by Disqus
Advertisement

Inside Dummies.com