Identifying and Using Spanish Prepositional Pronouns
Certain special Spanish pronouns must be used after prepositions and are thus known as prepositional pronouns. They serve as the object of the prepositions they follow. The following table acquaints you with each one so you can recognize them and start building them into your vocabulary.
|mí (me)||nosotros (nosotras) (us; polite)|
|ti (you; familiar)||vosotros (vosotras) (you; familiar)|
|él (him, it; masculine)||ellos (them; masculine)|
|ella (her, it; feminine)||ellas (them; feminine)|
|usted (Ud.) (you; formal/polite)||ustedes (Uds.) (you; formal/polite)|
|sí (yourself, himself, herself, itself)||sí (yourselves, themselves)|
Here are two examples of how you can use prepositional pronouns:
Esta carta es para mí, no es para ella. (This letter is for me, not for her.)
Juego al tenis con él, no con ella. (I play tennis with him, not with her.)
Note that you use the reflexive prepositional pronoun sí both in the singular to express yourself, himself, herself, or itself and in the plural to express themselves or yourselves. So to state She was able to prepare the meal by herself, you’d say Logró preparar la comida por sí sola.
The prepositional pronouns mí, ti, and sí combine with the preposition con (kohn) as follows:
conmigo (kohn-mee-goh) (with me)
contigo (kohn-tee-goh) (with you)
consigo (kohn-see-goh) (with him/her/you/them)
To express himself, herself, yourself, yourselves, and themselves, add the adjective mismo (mees-moh) (misma, mismos, mismas) after consigo. For example, if you want to say He is talking with himself in Spanish, you’d say Él habla consigo mismo.