How to Warp a Frame Loom
The warp is the threads that are stretched lengthwise on the loom. The weft is the threads that are woven across the warp. Depending on what you are weaving, you can use either your own handspun or a commercial yarn for the warp. The warp shown in the following figure is a commercial rug warp that is strong and fairly coarse. It is the perfect warp for weaving a pillow cover with handspun, because the handspun will completely cover the warp. To warp the frame loom, follow these steps:
Roll your warp yarn into a ball.
Tie one end on the top of the frame of the loom.
Wind the warp around the frame of the loom.
Keep the warp firm and even.
You will have threads on both the front and back of the loom. You can bring both of these sets of threads together with a weaving technique called twining.
To twine your warp, you need a length of strong cotton yarn that is three times the width of the loom. Follow these steps:
Fold the cotton yarn in half.
Loop the yarn around the frame just above the bottom bar. Pull it tight.
Twine the cotton yarn through the warp by taking one warp thread from the front, slipping it between the pair of cotton yarns, twisting the cotton yarns together, and picking up the back thread.
Slip the back thread between the pair of cotton yarns.
Give the cotton yarns a twist.
Continue picking up one warp thread from the back and one from the front all the way across the warp.
This cotton thread is taken out when you finish weaving.
This warp is perfect for thick, handspun yarn. When you are weaving, you should pack the handspun tight with a tapestry beater or a kitchen fork. This ensures that the handspun covers the warp.