How to Use the Spanish Preposition En
Using the Spanish preposition en (ehn) correctly in a sentence can be tricky because en can mean in, by, or on. So how do you know how to translate a sentence that contains the preposition en? Take a look at this list to see examples of what en can show. You’ll be using it the right way in no time!
Like its fellow Spanish prepositions a and de, the preposition en can indicate time: Estamos en el otoño. (It’s [We’re in the] autumn.)
If you need to explain the location of an object, you may want to consider using the Spanish preposition en. For example, to say It’s on that street in Spanish, you’d say Está en esa calle. (Note that the Spanish preposition a isn’t appropriate in this case, although it can also indicate location.)
Use en to express the means or manner in which something should be done: Hable en voz baja. (Speak in a low voice.)
En can also indicate movement, so you may need to debate when a or en is more appropriate to indicate this condition. To translate a sentence such as They enter the bank into Spanish, you’d use en: Entran en el banco.
Means of transport
To express how an object or person is transported, use en. So if you want to tell your mother that your brother and his wife are coming into town by plane, you’d say Viajan en avión (They are traveling by plane).