How to Remove Scratches on Wood Surfaces
There are two ways to fix a scratch on wood or other hard surfaces: Either sand the surrounding area down to the level of the scratch so that the surface is smooth once again, or colour in the damage, which means that you can still feel the scratch indent but you can’t see it.
The first method needs fine sandpaper and loads of patience. The sanding itself isn’t a big job; you simply rub with care over the length of the scratch, moving in line with the wood grain. The time-consuming part is that you need to re-varnish, paint, or wax the area to get back to a uniform colour.
So, for everyday wood and wood-effect furniture, you may want to take a short cut and simply cover up the scratch. Ideally, use wood stain or a coloured polish that matches your furniture. Apply the solution to a soft cloth, and then work it into the wood.
If you can’t get a colour match, use a wax crayon. Most children’s ranges have a tremendous variety of browns – and these duller shades always kick about in pencil cases after the snazzy reds have long gone.
To fix scratches in leather, again use wax crayons. This is effective for both bags and shoes, and can work as a last resort for coats. Polish afterwards with a soft cloth to remove loose wax.
Scratches in plastic are less easy. It is worth trying a light oil such as WD-40 on white appliance scratches, such as fridges and washing machines. However, on white plastics that have a natural matte finish, doing nothing brings a solution of some sort. Scratching shows up most obviously on surfaces that are highly polished. As your items ages, scratches blend in.
Repaint over scratches in paint. Simply paint over the scratch and then, just before the paint has dried, take a damp cloth and blend the edges of the new paint in with the original paint to avoid any tell-tale lines.