How to Handle Common Digital Photography Lighting Issues
You may run into some problems when trying to light scenes that you want to photograph with your digital camera. But don’t just live with the troubles that existing lighting gives you. Lighting problems are often easy to fix.
Adjust for a scene with too little light.
You can provide extra lighting (as shown in this figure), mount your camera on a tripod and use a longer exposure, or paint with light (leave the shutter of a tripod-mounted camera open in a time exposure while you illuminate the subject with repeated electronic flash bursts, a flashlight, or some other light source).
Use a neutral density filter in very bright scenes.
This filter cuts back on the amount of light your camera sensors receive.
Bounce harsh light off reflectors.
If you’re in a situation where the light is glaring, "contrasty", and harsh, you may need to soften it with reflectors.
Add a flash or reflectors to evenly light a scene.
You can remedy an unevenly lit scene easily.
Try to eliminate multiple light sources.
An indoor scene might be lighted by both sunlight from outside and an overheard light bulb, which leaves you with clashing light colors.