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How to Form Present and Past Participles in Spanish

Part of the Spanish Verbs For Dummies Cheat Sheet

Regular Spanish verbs follow regular rules when they become present participles, verbs that end in -ing in English, and past participles, verbs that end in -ed or -en in English. The following tables show the rules for each verb form and offer examples.

Forming Present Participles
Verb Ending Rule Example Verb Present Participle
-ar stem + -ando hablar = to speak hablando = speaking
-er or -ir stem + -iendo comer = to eat comiendo = eating
vivir = to live viviendo = living
Forming Past Participles
Verb Ending Rule Example Verb Present Participle
-ar stem + -ado hablar = to speak hablado = spoken
-er or -ir stem + -ido comer = to eat comido = eaten
vivir = to live vivido = lived
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