Like every discipline, nutrition has its own particular language. This chart clues you in to several prefixes and suffixes that can make deciphering nutrition-speak a cinch.

Element Meaning
amyl- starch
an- without
anti- against
-ase an enzyme
di- two
-emia found in the blood
gastro- referring to the stomach
gly- referring to sugars
hydr-, hydro- water (also: hydrogen)
hyper- above normal
hypo- below normal
lact-, lacti-, lacto- milk
lip-, lipo- fat
macro- large
micro- very small
mono- one
-ose sugar
tri- three