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Homebrewing Abbreviation Slang

Part of the Homebrewing For Dummies Cheat Sheet

Quite a few technical (and wordy) homebrewing terms exist, so to make it easier to read homebrewing recipes and directions, terms have been abbreviated. Here’s a handy guide for homebrewing abbreviations:

Abbreviation What It Stands For
AAU Alpha Acid Unit. A measurement of hop bittering potential.
ABV Alcohol By Volume. One of two methods of expressing alcohol content in beer. (See ABW.)
ABW Alcohol By Weight. One of two methods of expressing alcohol content in beer. (See ABV.)
BJCP Beer Judge Certification Program. National organization for official homebrew judges.
DME Dry Malt Extract. The spray-dried version of liquid malt extract.
DMS Di-Methyl Sulfide. An off flavor and aroma reminiscent of cooked corn.
ESB Extra Special Bitter. A medium-high gravity ale of British origin.
FG Final Gravity. The measurement of gravity taken at the end of fermentation that allows the brewer to compute the alcohol content of beer. (See OG.)
FWH First Wort Hopping. The practice of introducing bittering hops to the beer during the sparging / lautering phase of the mashing procedure.
HBU Homebrew Bitterness Unit. A unit of measurement used by homebrewers to denote the amount of bittering in beer.
HSA Hot Side Aeration. The unintentional exposure of the still-warm wort to oxygen that can lead to problems in your brew, not the least of which is premature staling.
HCU Homebrew Color Unit. A crude method of measuring beer color devised for homebrewers.
IBU International Bittering Unit. An international unit of measurement used by professional brewers to denote the amount of bittering in beer.
IPA India Pale Ale. A highly hopped Pale Ale.
OG Original Gravity. The measurement of gravity taken at the beginning of fermentation that allows the brewer to compute alcohol content of beer. (See FG.)
pH Percent Hydrion (also potential hydrogen). A scale used to measure the acidity and alkalinity of a liquid.
RIS Russian Imperial Stout. High gravity stout brewed for the Russian Imperial Court.
SRM Standard Reference Measure. A measurement of beer color.
TSP Tri-Sodium Phosphate. An effective sudsless, powdered cleanser often used to clean brewery equipment.
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