Handling Statistical Hypothesis Tests
Part of the Statistics For Dummies Cheat Sheet
You use hypothesis tests to challenge whether some claim about a population is true (for example, a claim that 40 percent of Americans own a cellphone). To test a statistical hypothesis, you take a sample, collect data, form a statistic, standardize it to form a test statistic (so it can be interpreted on a standard scale), and decide whether the test statistic refutes the claim. The following table lays out the important details for hypothesis tests.