Guitars Glossary: F

fifth-fret method: A method of relative tuning whereby you tune a guitar based on the pitch of a single string, usually the lowest one.

finger permutations: An exercise used to train the left hand for fingering and to build up finger independence.

fingerboard diagram: A type of guitar notation that indicates where to place your fingers on the neck of the guitar.

fingerboard; fretboard: The flat piece of wood embedded with frets that you position your left-hand fingers on to produce notes and chords.

fingerpicking; finger-style playing: A type of guitar playing that involves using the individual right-hand fingers in a way in which the thumb plays the bass strings and the fingers play the treble, or high, strings.

finger-style playing; fingerpicking: A type of guitar playing that involves using the individual right-hand fingers in a way in which the thumb plays the bass strings and the fingers play the treble, or high, strings.

flamenco: A musical style that originated in Spain and was designed to accompany flamenco dancing.

flat: 1. When a string sounds out at a lower pitch than it should. 2. A note that is played one fret lower than the note is on the musical staff. 3. An accidental (b) indicating that a note should be played a half-step lower than indicated.

floating bridge: A type of bridge held in place by the string tension (which pulls it one way), and a set of bridge springs.

Floyd Rose bridge: The most successful form of floating bridge — a movable bridge system that uses a locking nut to ensure that the bridge returns to its home position — was designed for guitarists who like to use the whammy bar extensively.

free stroke: A right-hand stroke — used in classical and folk guitar playing — in which you pluck a string at a slightly upward angle so that your finger comes to rest freely in the air.

fret: 1. The thin metal wire or bar that runs across the fretboard at specific intervals. 2. The place on the fretboard where you position your finger to produce different pitches.

fretboard; fingerboard: The flat piece of wood embedded with frets where you position your left-hand fingers to produce notes and chords.

fretted note: A note produced by pressing your finger over the string at a specific point on the fretboard.

funk: A musical style that is very busy and relies heavily on sixteenth notes.

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