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Gods and Goddesses of Greek and Roman Mythology

Part of the Mythology For Dummies Cheat Sheet

The predominant mythologies handed down through the ages are those of the Greeks and Romans. The mythology of each culture includes gods and goddesses who interacted with humans, with good, bad, and indifferent motives. Each culture ascribed to deities with comparable powers and spheres of influence, and the following table shows those areas and the names of the important deities in each mythology:

Greek Name Roman Name Description
Zeus Jupiter King of Gods
Hera Juno Goddess of Marriage
Poseidon Neptune God of the Sea
Cronos Saturn Youngest son of Uranus, Father of Zeus
Aphrodite Venus Goddess of Love
Hades Pluto God of the Underworld
Hephaistos Vulcan God of the Forge
Demeter Ceres Goddess of the Harvest
Apollo Apollo God of Music and Medicine
Athena Minerva Goddess of Wisdom
Artemis Diana Goddess of the Hunt
Ares Mars God of War
Hermes Mercury Messenger of the Gods
Dionysus Bacchus God of Wine
Persephone Proserpine Goddess of Underworld
Eros Cupid God of Love
Gaia Gaea Goddess of Earth
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