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Genealogists love to abbreviate. Their documents, letters, reports and emails are full of long words crammed into little spaces, or of the same words repeated over and over again. Many of the abbreviations that you come across in genealogy are fairly self-explanatory – ‘gt grandfather’ is your great-grandfather; ‘Fred’k Smith’ is in fact Frederick Smith. But other abbreviations may catch you out for a moment or two, so here’s a list of some of the most common genealogy abbreviations:

  • b – born

  • bach – bachelor

  • bap/bap’t – baptised

  • bur – buried

  • c/ca – circa (approximately)

  • cert – certificate

  • Chr – christened

  • d – died

  • dau/daur – daughter

  • dec/dec’d – deceased

  • do – ditto

  • d/o – daughter of

  • f – female

  • FS – female servant

  • gdau/gdaur – grand daughter

  • gson – grandson

  • h/o – husband of

  • m/mar/marr – married

  • m(1) – first marriage

  • m(2) – second marriage

  • m – months

  • m – male

  • MS – male servant

  • NK – not known

  • occ – occupation

  • OTP – of this parish

  • PM – post mortem

  • s – single

  • s/o – son of

  • un/unm – unmarried

  • w/wid/widr – widow or widower

  • w/o – wife of

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