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GED Sample Questions: Reasoning Through Language Arts Reading Section

Here is a sample set that resembles the types of questions you may see on the Reasoning Through Language Arts section of the GED. Read all sections carefully before beginning.

Directions: You may answer the questions in this section in any order. Mark your answers on the answer sheet provided by filling in the corresponding oval or writing your answer in the blank box.

Questions 1–5 refer to the following excerpt, written by Dale Shuttleworth (originally printed in the Toronto Star, January 2008).

What Is The History Of The Social Enterprise Movement?

The Center for Social Innovation, a renovated warehouse in the Spadina Ave. area of Toronto, houses 85 “social enterprises,” including organizations concerned with the environment, the arts, social justice, education, health, technology, and design. Tribute has been paid to the “social enterprise movement” in Quebec and Vancouver for providing the impetus for this very successful venture.

Toronto, Ontario, also has provided leadership in the areas of community education and community economic development — essential components in the creation of social enterprises. In 1974, the Toronto Board of Education assisted in the establishment of the Learnxs Foundation Inc. as part of its Learning Exchange System.

The foundation represented an additional source of support for the burgeoning “alternatives in education” movement. In 1973, the Ontario government had imposed ceilings on educational spending and, together with reduced revenue due to declining enrollment, the Toronto board had limited means to fund innovative and experimental programs.

The Learnxs Foundation was an independent “arms-length” nonprofit charitable enterprise, which could solicit funds from public and private sources and generate revenue through the sale of goods and services to support innovative programs within the Toronto system.

What followed during the 1970s was a series of Learnxs-sponsored demonstration projects as a source of research and development in such areas as: school and community programs to improve inner-city education; a series of small enterprises to employ 14- to 15-year-old school leavers.

It was also Youth Ventures — a paper recycling enterprise employing at-risk youth; Artsjunction — discarded material from business and industry were recycled for use as craft materials for visual arts classes; Toronto Urban Studies Centre — a facility to encourage the use of the city as a learning environment; and Learnxs Press — a publishing house for the production and sale of innovative learning materials.

The York Board of Education and its school and community organizations jointly incorporated the Learning Enrichment Foundation (LEF), modeled on Learnxs. Originally devoted to multicultural arts enrichment, LEF during the 1980s joined with parental groups and the school board to establish 13 school-based childcare centers for infants, pre-school and school-age children.

In 1984, LEF was asked by Employment and Immigrant Canada to convene a local committee of adjustment in response to York's high rate of unemployment and plant closures. Outcomes of the work of the Committee included:

York Business Opportunities Centre: In 1985, with support from the Ontario Ministry of Industry, Trade & Technology, LEF opened the first small business incubator operated by a nonprofit charitable organization.

Microtron Centre: This training facility was devoted to micro-computer skills, word and numerical processing, computer-assisted design, graphics and styling, and electronic assembly and repair.

Microtron Bus: This refurbished school bus incorporated eight workstations from the Microtron Centre. It visited small business, industry and service organizations on a scheduled basis to provide training in word and numerical processing for their employees and clients.

In 1996, the Training Renewal Foundation was incorporated as a nonprofit charity to serve disadvantaged youth and other displaced workers seeking skills, qualifications and employment opportunities.

Over the years, TRF has partnered with governments, employers and community organizations to provide a variety of services including job-creation programs for: immigrants and refugees, GED high school equivalency, café equipment technicians, coffee and vending service workers, industrial warehousing and lift truck operators, fully expelled students, youth parenting, construction craft workers and garment manufacturing.

  1. The Center for Social Innovation is

    • (A)a new restaurant

    • (B)a center housing social enterprises

    • (C)the head office of a charity

    • (D)a small enterprise to employ school leavers

  2. The Learnxs Foundation supported

    • (A)homeless people

    • (B)scholarships for computer studies students

    • (C)innovative programs

    • (D)art programming

  3. Artsjunction specialized in __________.

  4. The Microtron bus helped

    • (A)provide transportation for computer science students to their labs

    • (B)provide training in word and numerical processing to employees and clients

    • (C)train auto mechanics in the digital controls in the new cars

    • (D)the center establish social enterprises

  5. The Training Renewal Foundation serves

    • (A)as a social innovator for youth

    • (B)as a patron of the center

    • (C)dinner to the homeless

    • (D)as a business incubator

Answer Key

  1. B. a center housing social enterprises.

    The column specifically states that the center houses 85 social enterprises. Choice (A) is totally wrong. The other answers have a ring of correctness because the column is about social enterprises, charities, and school leavers, but they have nothing to do with the center.

  2. C. innovative programs.

    The column states that the Learnxs Foundation supports innovative programs. All the other answers except for Choice (A) are mentioned or implied in the column; however, they aren’t correct answers to the question. Always read carefully.

  3. distributing discarded materials to visual arts classes.

    The passage clearly spells out that Artsjunction’s function is to distribute discarded materials to visual arts classes.

  4. B. provide training in word and numerical processing to employees and clients.

    The column is very specific about the purpose of the Microtron bus. It provided services to employees and clients of small businesses in word and numerical processing.

  5. D. as a business incubator.

    The passage very precisely spells out the mandate of the Training Renewal Foundation: to serve disadvantaged youth and displaced workers. Choices (A) and (D) may be worthy activities for any charity, but they aren’t stated as part of the mandate. Choice (C) is just wrong.

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