Equalizing Your Home Recording Tracks
Only so many frequencies are available for all the instruments in a mix, and if more than one instrument occupies a particular frequency range, they can get in each other’s way and make the mix sound muddy.
Your goals when equalizing (EQing) during the mixing process are to reduce those frequencies that add clutter and/or to enhance those that define an instrument’s sound.To do this, make a little space for each instrument within the same general frequency range. You do this by EQing the individual tracks as you mix.
Before you start EQing your tracks, you need to know how to find the frequencies you intend to adjust and how to make those adjustments. The following illustration shows an EQ plug-in for Logic Audio. Although each EQ will look a little different, they all end up performing the same basic function.
Logic’s Channel EQ is an 8-band EQ with four parametric bands, one high-shelf EQ, one low-shelf EQ, one high-pass filter, and one low-pass filter. As you can see, the EQ types are listed at the top of the graph, but the adjustments for these bands are located under the main graph.
Logic’s (and some other recording program’s) EQ has a really great feature where you can see the frequency response of your track. This function is engaged by clicking the Analyzer button on the left side of the plug-in window.
This is handy because, with the Analyzer button engaged, you can actually see the changes you’re making to your track as you make them. This is also a potential problem because many people rely on their eyes instead of their ears. Be careful not to let what you see affect what you hear.