Electronics Components: Calculate the Time Interval for a Monostable Circuit
Monostable mode lets you use the 555 timer chip as a single-event timer. The time interval for a 555 monostable circuit is a measure of how long the output stays high when it's triggered in an electronic gadget of some kind. To calculate the time interval, just use this formula:
T = 1.1 R C
Here, T is the time interval in seconds, R is the resistance of R1 in ohms, and C is the capacitance of C1 in farads.
For example, suppose R1 is 500 kΩ, and C1 is 10 μF. Then, you would calculate the time interval like this:
T = 1.1 500,000 Ω 0.00001 F
T = 5.5 s
Thus, the circuit will stay on for 5.5 seconds after it's triggered.
When you make this calculation, it’s imperative that you use the correct number of zeros for both the resistance and the capacitance.
|1 kÙ = 1,000 Ù||0.01 ìF = 0.00000001F|
|10 kÙ = 10,000 Ù||0.1 ìF = 0.0000001F|
|100 kÙ = 100,000 Ù||1 ìF = 0.000001F|
|1M Ù = 1,000,000 Ù||10 ìF = 0.00001F|
|10M Ù = 10,000,000 Ù||100 ìF = 0.0001F|
|100M Ù = 100,000,000 Ù||1,000 ìF = 0.001F|